地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 232-240.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.02.009

• 城市与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国地级市房地产开发与人居环境耦合发展空间格局

张英佳1, 李雪铭1,2, 夏春光1,3   

  1. 1. 辽宁师范大学城市与环境学院, 辽宁大连116029;
    2. 辽宁师范大学人居环境研究中心, 辽宁大连116029;
    3. 大连市安全生产监督管理局, 辽宁大连116011
  • 收稿日期:2013-08-01 修回日期:2013-12-01 出版日期:2014-02-25 发布日期:2014-02-25
  • 作者简介:张英佳(1984-),女,湖南永顺人,博士生,主要研究方向为城市人居环境与城市社会地理,E-mail:zyj575657@163.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171137);辽宁省高等学校优秀人才支持计划项目(LR2013050);教育部博士点基金项目(20132136110001)。

Spatial pattern of coupling development between real estate development and housing condition at prefectural level in China

ZHANG Yingjia1, LI Xueming1,2, XIA Chunguang1,3   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Urban Environment, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China;
    2. Institute of Human Settlement, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China;
    3. Dalian Administration Bureau of SafetyWorking, Dalian 116011, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2013-08-01 Revised:2013-12-01 Online:2014-02-25 Published:2014-02-25
  • Contact: 李雪铭(1964-),男,江苏常熟人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事城市人居环境与城市社会地理研究,E-mail:lixueming999@163.com。 E-mail:zyj575657@163.com;lixueming999@163.com
  • About author:K902

摘要: 中国房地产业历经近30年的发展,主要集中于经济较活跃、环境较适宜、基础设施与公共服务较完善、人居环境较适宜的城市,房地产开发的地域差异逐渐突出。科学适度的房地产开发能为人们提供良好的人居环境,而过度的房地产开发则会抑制人居环境质量的提升。基于房地产开发与人居环境耦合发展视角,建立了中国城市房地产开发与人居环境耦合度评价指标体系,运用耦合协调度模型和耦合发展度模型,对286个地级市单元的房地产开发进行空间格局分析。结果显示:① 中国地级单元城市房地产开发与人居环境整体协调度处于磨合阶段,虽未达到协调水平,但相互作用与影响力较强,其中协调度最高的为南京市;② 房地产开发与人居环境整体发展度处于较低水平,且空间分布非常不均衡,耦合发展度最高的为深圳市;③ 基于耦合协调度和发展度可将中国地级行政单元划分为9个类型,政府应根据不同类型采取差别化的房地产开发调控政策。

关键词: 房地产开发, 空间分析, 耦合发展, 人居环境, 中国

Abstract: Chinese real estate industry has been developing very quickly, but imbalanced, since the start of real estate reform three decades ago. Most of the investments have been focusing on the regions with well-developed urban economies, attractive economic environment, better infrastructures and public services, and better living conditions, which gradually lead to bigger and bigger spatial differences in real estate development among the different regions. Rational real estate development can provide people with moderate housing condition, but irrational and imbalanced development will hinder the efforts to improve housing condition. It is important to explore the relationship between real estate development and housing condition. In this paper, we first established a number of comprehensive assessment indicators for real estate development and housing condition, and then calculated the degree of coordination and coupling development between real estate development and housing condition improvement. The spatial pattern of the degrees of coordination and development of the 286 prefectural cities showed that: (1) Coordination degree between real estate development and housing condition in most prefectural cities is at medium level, with an average number of 0.59, indicating that the two subsystems are still in an adjustment phase and have not yet established a coordinated and mutually reinforcing dynamic relationship. (2) Coupling development degree between two subsystems in most prefectural cities is still at a lower level. There are significant disparities between eastern coastal areas and western inland areas. Based on degrees of coordination and coupling development, the 286 prefectural cities can be divided into nine categories, namely, well developed and coordinated area, well developed and adjusting area, well developed but conflicting area, developed and coordinated area, developed and adjusting area, developed but conflicting area, under developed but coordinated area, under developed and adjusting area, under developed and conflicting area. (3) One of the key tasks for the economy in 2013 is to actively and steadily promote urbanization, strive to improve the quality of urbanization, and firmly adhere to the real estate control policies. These seemingly contradictory and complex tasks should be undertaken with prudence and flexibility as well as positive and moderate attitude. Considering the significant disparities among the different regions in China, the government can take the measures that suit the local conditions, such as different financial policies, price guidelines and administrative decisions. The central and local governments should play different functions but work together and establish an effective information-sharing mechanism. In other words, to make joint efforts to achieve coordination between the real estate development and housing condition improvement, the central government should formulate the policies, determine the objectives, and monitor the results; local governments should have the right to choose the suitable means and ways to achieve specific goals, and accept supervisions from the higher level government and respond to the attentions from the public for evaluation of the policies and fulfillment of the obligations.

Key words: China, coupling development, housing condition, real estate development, spatial analysis

中图分类号: 

  • K902