地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 194-201.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.02.005

• 城市与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

1995-2011年北京市旅游业与城市发展协调度分析

杜傲1, 刘家明2, 石惠春1   

  1. 1. 西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院, 兰州730070;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-01 修回日期:2013-12-01 出版日期:2014-02-25 发布日期:2014-02-25
  • 作者简介:杜傲(1988-),女,宁夏银川人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为旅游资源开发与规划,E-mail:da_812@163.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41071110)。

Coordinative relationship between tourism and urban development in Beijing during 1995-2011

DU Ao1, LIU Jiaming2, SHI Huichun1   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2013-07-01 Revised:2013-12-01 Online:2014-02-25 Published:2014-02-25
  • Contact: 刘家明(1966-),男,河南信阳人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事旅游地理等研究,E-mail:liujm@igsnrr.ac.cn。 E-mail:da_812@163.com;liujm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • About author:F592

摘要: 旅游业发展与城市发展之间存在显著的互动关系,为相关研究领域的热点。以北京市为例,构建了旅游业与城市发展评价指标体系,研究了1995-2011年间北京市旅游业与城市发展之间的协调关系。结果表明:① 北京市旅游业与城市发展协调度呈持续上升趋势,1995-1997年为失调阶段,1998-2004年为协调阶段,2005-2011年为优质协调阶段;② 北京市旅游业和城市发展水平总体呈大幅提高趋势,两者的综合评价水平曲线交错上升,差距逐步缩小,并不断趋向于有序化转化的良性协调发展阶段;③ 根据协调度类型划分可知,2001年前为城市发展滞后型,2001年后为旅游业发展滞后型。据此提出北京市旅游业与城市协调发展的建议:① 完善基础设施建设,促进城市与旅游业共同发展;② 推动城郊旅游发展及旧城改造,完善城市空间结构;③ 发挥旅游产业链作用,促进经济社会持续较快发展。

关键词: 北京市, 城市发展, 旅游业, 协调水平

Abstract: Today, tourism and urban development, both promoting and affecting the urban economic and social development, have become the two focuses of the economic social development studies. At the same time, there is an obvious relationship between tourism and urban development. Beijing is one of the most representative city of tourism and urban development. This paper, taking the capital Beijing as a case, and drawing on the coupling theory in physics, constructs evaluation index system of tourism and urban development. The results show that: (1) Both the level of tourism and urban development in Beijing have increased greatly from 1995 to 2011, and there is a coordinative relationship between them. (2) The coordinative degree is increasing continuously, progresses gradually from imbalance stage to high coordination stage from 1995 to 2011. The period from 1995 to 1997 was the imbalance stage, the period from 1998 to 2004 was the coordination stage, and the period from 2007 to 2011 was the high coordination stage. According to types of the coordinative degree, it was urban development lagged behind before 2001 and was tourism lagged behind after 2001. Particularly, although the general trend of tourism development is positive, there still are some great fluctuations in the year of 2003 and 2008, caused by SARS, Beijing Olympic Games and international financial crisis, suggesting that some accidental events, with direct or indirect effects on the tourism industry, are inevitable during the process of tourism industry development. The coordinative relationship between tourism and urban development linked with urban scale, geographic location, economic development, national policy, etc. The mechanism needs more in-depth studies in the future. In order to make tourism and urban development more coordinative, three advices are given in this paper, including improving infrastructure construction, promoting the development of suburban tourism and urban redevelopment, and exerting the effect of tourism industry chain. Besides, in this paper we just discuss the relationship between the tourism and urban development through macro perspective. In the meantime, tourism has become one of the driving forces of new urbanization, and a number of new tourist cities are emarging along the water and land transportation arteries. In addition, a lot of historical urban districts have been revitalized and have become tourism business districts. The researches that explore how the tourism industry affects urbanization in the cities at different levels with the progress of social economies, from a microcosmic perspective, need to be strengthened in the future.

Key words: Beijing, coordinative level, tourism, urban development

中图分类号: 

  • F592