地理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 85-91.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2014.01.010

• 2013年全国地貌与第四纪学术研讨会专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

WaTEM/SEDEM模型及其应用研究进展与展望

盛美玲, 方海燕   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2013-10-01 修回日期:2013-12-01 出版日期:2014-01-25 发布日期:2014-01-22
  • 通讯作者: 方海燕(1977-),男,山东金乡人,副研究员,主要从事土壤侵蚀与水土保持研究,E-mail:fanghy@igsnrr.ac.cn。 E-mail:fanghy@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:盛美玲(1990- ),女,山东曲阜人,硕士生,主要研究方向为土壤侵蚀与水土保持,E-mail:shengml.12s@igsnrr.ac.cn。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271305,41101261);中国科学院黑土区农业生态重点实验室基金项目(2011ZKHT-15)。

Research progress in WaTEM/SEDEM model and its application prospect

SHENG Meiling, FANG Haiyan   

  1. Key Laboratory ofWater Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2013-10-01 Revised:2013-12-01 Online:2014-01-25 Published:2014-01-22

摘要: 土壤侵蚀产沙模型是开展水土保持研究的重要工具。土壤侵蚀物理模型除能够模拟和预测土壤侵蚀沉积的空间分布外,其可移植性功能较强,因此得到了很多研究者的青睐,但大多数物理模型运行时需要的参数较多,因而限制了模型应用和推广。本文介绍了比利时鲁汶大学研发的分布式土壤侵蚀模型WaTEM/SEDEM(Waterand Tillage Erosion Model and Sediment Delivery Model)模型,分别从WaTEM/SEDEM 模型的产生、结构、国内外应用进行了系统阐述,并在已有的应用研究基础上,总结了该模型的优缺点,展望其应用前景。

关键词: WaTEM/SEDEM, 土壤侵蚀模型, 应用前景

Abstract: Currently, many different erosion and sediment transport models are available. They are important tools to predict soil erosion and sediment yield under different conditions. The most commonly used models include Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE), Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE), Water Erosion Predict Project (WEPP), Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), and the Limburg Soil Erosion Model (LISEM), et al. The physical distributed soil models can be well used in other regions once they were built in a given region. Therefore, physical soil erosion model hasreceived more attentionover the decades. However, the structures of the physical erosion models are usually complex and a lot of parameters are required to run them, which to some extent limits their applications. The Water and Tillage Erosion Model and Sediment Delivery Model (WaTEM/SEDEM) developed at the Physical and Regional Geography Research Group, KU Leuven University, Belgium, is a spatially distributed soil erosion and sediment delivery model. Unlike other more sophisticated dynamic models, this model requires minimal basis data input and the model structure is simple, similar to RUSLE model. Although WaTEM/SEDEM has data requirement almost similar to RUSLE model, it can assess both water and tillage erosion simultaneously. Mostly importantly,WaTEM/SEDEM can spatially model soil erosion and sediment deposition rates as well as the soil redistribution patterns. This model also allows incorporation of landscape structure or the spatial organization of different land units and the connectivity, and can then be used to delineate sediment source areas in an agricultural landscape, and to simulate the impact of various scenarios of an integrated catchment management on the rates and patterns of soil loss and sediment delivery. Therefore, WaTEM/SEDEM can provide useful information for land managers to implement rational management to control soil loss. Up to date, the model has been successfully used in Europe and other regions around the world. However, few studieshave been conducted in China using this model. In this paper, the model structure, the algorithms used to calculate soil erosion and sediment transport, the model input and output, and its applications were systematically introduced. A case study in Shuangfengtan catchment, Hunan Province was also reported in this paper to verify its usefulness. Besides the advantages mentioned above, the disadvantages of this model were also pointed out. For example, WaTEM/SEDEM does not predict sediment transport within a river, bank erosion or floodplain sediment deposition. At the end of this paper, the prospect of the application of WaTEM/ SEDEM in the data-limited regions was discussed.

Key words: application prospect, soil erosion model, WaTEM/SEDEM

中图分类号: 

  • S157