地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (12): 1825-1834.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.12.011

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京生产性服务业发展与城市经济功能提升

张蕾, 申玉铭, 柳坤   

  1. 首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院, 北京 100048
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-01 修回日期:2013-10-01 出版日期:2013-12-25 发布日期:2013-12-25
  • 作者简介:张蕾(1989-),女,重庆长寿人,硕士生,主要研究方向为区域经济与城市发展。E-mail:angela890214@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40871069)。

Development of producer services and promotion of urban economic functions in Beijing

ZHANG Lei, SHEN Yuming, LIU Kun   

  1. College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2013-07-01 Revised:2013-10-01 Online:2013-12-25 Published:2013-12-25
  • Contact: 申玉铭(1968-),男,河南浚县人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事服务业地理研究。E-mail:shenyuming@263.net E-mail:shenyuming@263.net

摘要: 城市经济功能是城市在一定地域经济中所承担的任务和所起的经济中心作用。以生产性服务业为基础的金融、科学研究、信息传输、计算机服务等行业的发展,引起产业结构升级和城市空间结构的相应变化,由此提升了城市的经济功能。本文基于投入产出和城市流强度模型,利用北京市2005 和2010 年社会经济、投入产出、市辖区人口等相关数据,从城市对内和对外作用两个层面,分别论证生产性服务业的产业关联、空间集聚、产品输出能力等对经济功能的提升作用,结论如下:① 北京生产性服务业推动其他产业发展,与制造业融合发展,提升了制造业综合效益,并优化产业结构;② 生产性服务业集聚在中心城区,并呈向近郊区扩散趋势,形成特色产业集群,提升了北京集聚经济效益;③ 生产性服务业专业化水平和城市流强度最高,构成了对外经济联系的主导产业,提升了城市对外资本、技术和人才输出的能力;④ 生产性服务业净调出额和净出口额均增加,提升了北京国内和国际的服务产品输出能力,并且在国内市场更具有优势,以向外地输出为主。

关键词: 北京, 产业关联, 经济功能, 空间集聚, 生产性服务业

Abstract: The economic function of a city is to undertake the tasks in the economies of certain geographical areas and to serve as an economic center. Urban economic functions can be divided into internal and external economic functions. External economic functions are based on leading industries or leading economic sectors, mainly support goods and services for outside areas, and output capital or technologies, whereas internal economic functions provide basic guarantee for production and living activities of the city. Urban internal economic and external economic functions interact with each other and help each other move forward. With the society entering the information age, the producer services, such as finance, science and technology, computer software and information services, have strongly influenced urban industrial and spatial structures, and greatly promoted urban economic functions. Most of the current researches use theoretical analysis to first study the economic functions and then the development of producer services. In this paper, by using social economy, input-output, city population data in 2005 and 2010, based on Input-output model and urban flow model, from two levels of internal and external functions, we analyzed industrial relationships, spatial agglomeration and service products output of producer services, which have greatly improved economic functions of Beijing City. The conclusions are as follows: (1) Economic contribution rate of Beijing's producer service industry is always rising, driving the development of other industries, but at the same time its development is limited by those industries. It also promotes comprehensive benefits of manufacturing industry. Intermediate demand of manufacturing industries and producer services for information, finance, and commercial services increases, which in turn necessitate the upgrade of industrial structure. (2) Financial services, scientific research, information services and business services present an agglomeration in city center, showing a trend to diffuse to suburb areas, with the characteristics of industrial clusters, they have strengthened the function of agglomeration economies of Beijing, leading Beijing to transform from service economy to producer services-oriented economy. (3) Professional level and city flow intensity of producer services are the strongest, and producer services also dominant industries in terms of economic relations with foreign countries. Investment in research, science and technology output, R & D resources has increased significantly, and as a result, the investment has put out a lot of talent and technology as well as labor and capital, with a variety of financial institutions and formation of strong financing scales. (4) Net mix amount and exports of producer services both increased, promoting the output of domestic and international service products in Beijing. The producer services have more advantages in the domestic market, mainly export-oriented. Producer services have higher regional impact on product flow than other industries, and scientific and technical services and financial services industry are the most influential ones. Research on the development of producer services and the economic functions of Beijing City will help understand the productive service industries and their effects on the urban economic growth, agglomeration and diffusion. However, the compositions of urban economic functions include gathering, production, services, innovation and management. Although this paper has touched upon those aspects, detailed studies are required in the future.

Key words: Beijing, economic function, industry association, producer services, spatial agglomeration