地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (12): 1723-1731.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.12.001

• 第十四届全国青年地理工作者学术研讨会专栏 •    下一篇

生活活动空间的郊区化研究

张艳1, 柴彦威2   

  1. 1. 北京联合大学北京学研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学院, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2013-10-01 修回日期:2013-11-01 出版日期:2013-12-25 发布日期:2013-12-25
  • 作者简介:张艳(1984-),女,博士,助理研究员,主要从事城市社会地理与空间行为研究。E-mail:yanzhang@buu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(41071107);北京市属高等学校长城学者培育计划项目(IDHT20130322);北京联合大学新起点计划项目(Zk10201307)。

Study on suburbanization of living and activity space

ZHANG Yan1, CHAI Yanwei2   

  1. 1. Institute of Beijing Studies, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2013-10-01 Revised:2013-11-01 Online:2013-12-25 Published:2013-12-25

摘要: 中国城市的郊区化不仅重塑了城市内部空间结构,还推动了居民生活方式与生活活动空间的转变。生活活动空间的郊区化成为继人口、工业、商业及办公业等郊区化浪潮之后,郊区化发展的新趋势。面对郊区化所伴随的能源资源消耗、环境污染、交通拥堵、生活质量下降,以及社会极化与空间分异等新问题,亟待引入行为研究方法,从个体生活活动空间的视角重新解读中国城市郊区化的过程,并反思目前郊区化进程中城市空间组织及发展模式的弊端。本文以生活活动空间为切入点,将地理学与社会学相结合,提出了新的郊区化研究视角、研究框架、研究内容与方法,试图基于完整的个体生活经历,对以往单一要素的郊区化研究进行整合,并借助GIS 进行可视化的地理叙事方法,为开展生活活动空间的郊区化研究提供有效途径;这不仅对于郊区化理论创新具有重要意义,同时也丰富了基于个体行为的城市空间研究框架。

关键词: 活动空间, 郊区化, 郊区生活方式, 生活空间

Abstract: In the process of rapid suburbanization, cities in China have been experiencing drastic urban spatial restructuring as well as profound transformation of residents' ways of life and living and activity space. In recent decades, suburbanization of residents' living and activity space became the fifth wave of suburbanization following the suburbanization waves of population, industry, commerce as well as office industry. In addition, there have been the problems such as excessive comsumption of natural resources and energy, severe environment pollution, increasingly serious traffic congestion, the decline in quality of life, social polarization and spatial differentiation, etc., in the process of rapid suburbanization in transitional urban China. Therefore, there is an urgent need to introduce behavioral perspectives to the traditional study of suburbanization, which will enhance our understanding of the process and the machanism of suburbanization from the perspective of an individual's living and activity space, and also help reflect on the drawbacks of urban spatial organization and development strategies in the process of rapid suburbanization. Following this line of thinking, in this study we first tried to put forward the conceptual framework of the suburbanization of living and activity space and research methods. We argued that understanding to what degree suburban residents fulfil most routine, non-work activities within certain area around their suburan community is one of most important ways to determine developmental stages of suburanization. Besides, the concept of suburbanization of an individual's living and activity space can improve traditional suburanization studies by shifting from a single factor perspective, which maily focus on the decentralization or concentralization process of the single factors such as population, industry, commerce or office, to a comprehensive perspective, which integrate all of above factors of an individual's daily life space including residential space, work space, shopping space, recreation space and social interaction space. Then, we argued that there are two temporal dimensions and different spatial dimensions in this study. And it is important to discover the functional links between suburban territory and center city, and among different suburban areas based on residents' space-time behaviors. Furthermore, we propose that geo-narrative method is an effective way to study the process and micro-level mechanism of the suburbanization from the perspective of an individual living and activity space, which combimes life history and life course theory from sociological perspective with GIS-based visualization within the framwork of time-geography. Finally, we discussed policy implications.

Key words: activity space, living space, suburbanism, suburbanization