地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (11): 1662-1669.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.11.009

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

文化能力作用下的中产阶层化及其后果

吴启焰1, 王兆杰2, 刘咏梅3, 吴小慧1   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 南京 210023;
    2. 白城师范学院地理科学学院, 白城 137000;
    3. 南京晓庄学院生物化工与环境工程学院, 南京 211171
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-01 修回日期:2013-09-01 出版日期:2013-11-25 发布日期:2013-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 王兆杰(1983- ),女,黑龙江齐齐哈尔人,硕士,助教,主要从事城市与旅游规划研究。E-mail: queenie286@126.com E-mail:queenie286@126.com
  • 作者简介:吴启焰(1971- ),男,云南云龙人,博士,教授,博导,主要从事城市与区域政治经济学、城市社会地理研究。E-mail: 09349@njnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271176,41371171);教育部人文社科基金项目(12YJZH159);国家社会科学基金项目(12BSH027)。

Impact of cultural capacity on gentrification and its consequences

WU Qiyan1, WANG Zhaojie2, LIU Yongmei3, WU Xiaohui1   

  1. 1. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2. School of Geographical Sciences, Baicheng Normal College, Baicheng 137000, China;
    3. School of Biochemical and Environmental Engineering, Xiaozhuang College, Nanjing 211171, China
  • Received:2013-01-01 Revised:2013-09-01 Online:2013-11-25 Published:2013-11-25

摘要: 后工业化社会转型以来,中产阶层化现象成为西方发达国家城市问题与空间规划方向的重要研究内容之一。在这一时代背景下,本文将中产阶层化解构为中产阶层化过程中的社会化与空间化两个循环过程,并从布迪厄的“文化能力”概念出发,利用文化能力的分异本质,重新解析了中产阶层化过程中的这两个循环。在对中产阶层化的产生及其现象进行简要的回顾之后,阐述了文化能力对中产阶层社会化与空间化循环路径的修正。据此,本文认为文化能力继经济能力或物质资本之后,成为对中产阶层的社会化和空间化过程和结果进行再分化的重要资本形态。最终,作为后现代语境下中产阶层化过程的重要保障,文化能力的再分化对内城社会空间呈现出的破碎化和中产阶层身份的后现代迷失等新特征也产生了影响。

关键词: 城市社会空间, 二重循环路径, 文化能力, 中产阶层化

Abstract: Middle-class is an intermediate group with similar social status and social identity, for example, in life style, value orientation, occupational characteristics, and self-perception. Becoming a middle class community (gentrification) in the process in which wealthy families choose to buy and renovate the properties in the areas near city center, resulting in the restoration and upgrading of the run-down urban neighborhoods and the displacement of lower-income people. The middle class often benefit from the improved inner city living environment because of the city government's renovation plans; the city government achieves the increase in revenue growth rate and total amount of growth, thanks to the middle class. It is clear that gentrification is not only a social process in which the middle class emerges at the level of social practice, but also a spatial process in which middle class migrate into the agglomerations in the upgraded inner city areas. This concept has been widely accepted in the western research community. However, controversy about the driving mechanism has long remained. Since the transformation of post-industry society, gentrification has become one of the key research topics on urban issues and spatial planning in the western countries, and as a global phenomenon, has expanded to the new industrialized countries and the emerging markets. In our opinion, gentrification has become a more and more significantly process with mixed characteristics. So it is necessary to discuss the revision that post-industrial cultural capacity of the middle class has made to the driving forces. After a brief overview of this theory, we discussed the impact on the socialization and spatial shift in gentrification again based on Pierre Bourdieu's concept of culture ability, and analyzed the differentiation of culture capacity. By reanalyzing the socialization and spatial shift, followed by a brief review of process and the phenomenon of gentrification, this paper expounds upon the influence of culture on the middle class, the two loops of socialization and spatial process. The author believed that culture ability becomes the most important capital after economic capability and material capital, and revised the double-circle path of gentrification, which separated the socialization and spatial shift from gentrification. So inner city will start to show the characteristics of fragmentation and lose the middle-class. Culture ability also contributes to the spatial shift in a society and socialization of middle-class in a space, and becomes the security of middle-class' reproduction.

Key words: cultural capacity, dual cycle path, gentrification, urban social space