地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (9): 1401-1412.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.09.010

• 城市与区域发展 • 上一篇    

国内外海岛经济研究进展

秦伟山1,2, 张义丰1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2013-05-01 修回日期:2013-07-01 出版日期:2013-09-25 发布日期:2013-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 张义丰(1954- ), 男, 江苏丰县人, 研究员, 主要从事区域发展、农业与乡村地理、旅游地理等方面研究。E-mail:zhangyf@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:zhangyf@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:秦伟山(1986- ), 男, 山东潍坊人, 博士研究生, 主要研究方向为海岛经济、区域经济。E-mail:qinws.11b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41130748)

Research progress on island economy

QIN Weishan1,2, ZHANG Yifeng1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2013-05-01 Revised:2013-07-01 Online:2013-09-25 Published:2013-09-25

摘要: 海岛是一个特殊的地域单元,拥有其特有的发展模式和路径,近年来随着海洋国土地位的提升,国内外学者对于海岛的研究也随之增多。本文从分析海岛经济的涵义入手,对海岛经济进行了尝试性定义;在查阅大量文献的基础上,从海岛经济的发展、演化、转型,海岛经济的发展模式,海岛经济发展中的人地协调及其优化,以及海岛经济发展的资源环境效应等4个方面进行综述。总的来看,国内外学者在海岛经济研究上进行了积极的探索,注重海岛经济可持续发展以及海岛经济各相关产业的研究,尤其在岛屿旅游业发展方面成果最多。国内学者在对海岛渔业、旅游等产业开展研究的基础上,也在海岛经济整体发展,以及海岛经济演化、发展模式、空间分异等研究方向进行了积极的探索,但仍存在成果不够丰富、系统性不足的问题,特别是对海岛经济形成、演化机理的阐释,以及海岛经济各组成要素之间的相互作用关系等方面成果较少,且不够深入。针对存在的问题,本文对海岛经济研究的未来发展方向进行了展望。

关键词: 发展演化, 海岛经济, 研究进展, 资源环境效应

Abstract: Island is a special regional unit with unique development models and paths. Islands, with their unique locations, resources and environmental advantages, play an important role in the modernization process. Besides being the frontier of the defense of national sovereignty and security, the islands are the important basis to strengthen the marine economy and expand the development space of China. As an important transitional region connecting the continents and oceans, islands often have important traffic advantage of port and waterway. Islands are also an important platform to protect marine environment and maintain marine ecosystems. In recent years, with more emphasis being put on marine territories world wide, researches on islands also increased among the scholars at home and abroad. In this paper, we started with analyzing the meaning of island economy. On the basis of others' accomplishments, we tried to define what island economy is. Based on extensive literature study, we conducted a systematic analysis on island economy from the four aspects as follows: its development, evolution and transformation, its development model, the coordination and optimization of man-land relationship in the development process, and its impact on resource and environment. Foreign scholars focused on sustainable economic development of an island as well as the development of various industries in island economy, and they had a series of research achievements especially on island tourism development. Domestic scholars focused on island fisheries, tourism and other industries, and carried out active research on overall economic development of an island, its economic evolution, economic development model, spatial differentiation, and so on. However, as shown in the literature published so far, in this research field there is still lac of systematic studies, research teams and achievements, especially on the formation, evolution mechanism, the elements of island economy and the mechanism of their interactions. The studies on the resources and environmental effects of island economy were mainly combined with the sustainable development of island economy, and most of the studies on this topic mainly focused on the impact of island economy (especially the tourism) on resources and environment and how to protect them in order to maintain the sustainable development of regional economy. Finally, we suggested furture direction of the research on island economy: (1) Launch systematic studies on island economy by using the Man-land Relationship Areal Theory as a guide, combined with system science theories, regional economic development theories and industrial structure evolution theories. (2) Conduct quantitative analysis based on the studies on the bearing capacity of resources and environment; (3) Pay attention to the support of 3S technology and use participatory investigation method in order to obtain more intuitive and reliable data. (4) Conduct comprehensive studies on the development and sustainability of island economy to serve practice.

Key words: evolution, island economy, research progress, response mechanism of resources and environment