地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (9): 1362-1373.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.09.006

• “时空间行为与地理学”专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国时空间行为研究进展

柴彦威, 塔娜   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院城市与经济地理系, 北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-01 修回日期:2013-08-01 出版日期:2013-09-25 发布日期:2013-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 塔娜(1986- ), 女, 内蒙古包头人, 博士研究生, 主要研究方向为城市社会地理学与行为地理学。E-mail:tanapku@gmail.com E-mail:tanapku@gmail.com
  • 作者简介:柴彦威(1964- ), 男, 甘肃会宁人, 日本广岛大学博士, 教授、博士生导师, 主要从事行为地理学、城市社会地理学研究。E-mail:chyw@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41228001);国家“十二五”科技支撑计划项目(2012BAJ05B04)

Progress in space-time behavior research in China

CHAI Yanwei, TA Na   

  1. Department of Urban and Economic Geography, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2013-07-01 Revised:2013-08-01 Online:2013-09-25 Published:2013-09-25

摘要: 自时间地理学和活动分析法引入中国以来的近20年间,时空间行为研究已经成为中国城市地理学的重要领域。中国时空间行为研究关注城市空间重构的描述与解释,试图从行为角度解释中国城市社会转型,强调转型期中国城市空间与居民个体行为之间的互动关系,重视日常生活、生活质量、社会公正、低碳社会、智慧城市等热点问题,探索在城市交通、旅游和城市规划等领域中的实践应用。中国时空间行为研究已经形成了以解读城市转型为目标、以规划应用为导向的鲜明特点,为理解中国城市制度与空间转型背景下人类行为模式的复杂性和多样性提供了一个全新的视角。但是,中国时空间行为研究依然面临着理论发展滞后、实践应用需要突破等挑战。本文是对时空行为研究近年来发展的综述性文章,从数据采集与分析方法演进、实证研究与规划应用进展等方面回顾了近20年来中国城市时空间行为研究的最新进展,致力于推动不同学科领域之间的交流和时空间行为研究自身的发展。

关键词: 城市转型, 规划实践, 时间地理学, 时空间行为, 中国

Abstract: As a unique perspective for understanding the complex relationships between human activities and urban environments in space and time, the space-time behavior approach has become an influential methodology in China's urban geography since 1990s. Aiming at promoting communications and exchanges among urban geographers in different contexts, this article provides a critical review of space-time behavior research in China. Ever since time geography and activity-based model were introduced to China's urban geography, space-time behavior research in China has benefited from the fruitful theoretical and methodological progress made in Western geographical research. On one hand, GPS and mobile phone tracking technologies have been integrated into activity-diary surveys to collect more accurate and real-time activity-travel information. On the other hand, advanced statistical models and geocomputational and 3D geovisualization methods have been adopted in more recent empirical literature in China. Yet, while Chinese urban geographers have made more methodological progress in data collection and analytic tools thanks to the development of GPS and GIS technology, theoretical development still lags behind. However, space-time behavior research in China, with planning-oriented characteristics, offers a unique framework for understanding urban transformation in China. It has become a new perspective for understanding the complexity and diversity of human behavior patterns in the transitional cities in China. In other words, space-time behavior research tries to describe and interpret urban spatial structures and spatial reconstructing in urban China from the perspective of individuals' behaviors. The impacts of danwei-based urban spatial organization and its disappearance, as well as the impacts of suburbanization on individuals' daily activities, have been studied carefully. Especially, this approach emphazes how spatial restructuring impact individuals' daily life experiences, which in turn are related to the issues such as life quality, social equity and environmental sustainability. Urban geographers in China have begun to apply the space-time activity approach to the socio-spatial issues in the cities by focusing on daily-activity experiences of low SES (socioeconomic status) populations. And the development of the low-carbon city movement in China has prompted the application of the space-time behavior approach in understanding the impacts of land use characteristics on travel-related carbon- dioxide emissions through individuals' travel decisions. At the same time, planning practices based on the space-time behavior approach is carried out in urban transportation, tourism, and urban planning. The space-time behavior approach has become a very useful human-oriented approach to land use and transportation planning in China. The article concludes by discussing key theoretical and practical challenges for future development of space-time activity research in China.

Key words: China, planning practice, time geography, urban transition, words:space-time behavior