地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (9): 1332-1343.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.09.003

• “时空间行为与地理学”专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于文献引用关系和知识图谱的时空关系研究热点分析

古杰1, 周素红1,2, 闫小培1, 柴彦威3, 郑重1   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院城市与区域研究中心, 广州510275;
    2. 广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室, 广州510275;
    3. 北京大学城市与环境学院, 北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-01 修回日期:2013-08-01 出版日期:2013-09-25 发布日期:2013-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 周素红(1976- ), 女, 广东饶平人, 教授, 主要从事城市地理学、城市公共政策研究。E-mail:eeszsh@mail.sysu.edu.cn E-mail:eeszsh@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:古杰(1984- ), 男, 河省郸城人, 博士研究生, 主要研究方向为城市地理学。E-mail:gujie198410@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271166,40971098);国家“十二五”科技支撑计划项目(2012BAJ05B04)

The trend and hot issues in the field of space-time research: Based on the literature citation relationships and knowledge map

GU Jie1, ZHOU Suhong1,2, YAN Xiaopei1, CHAI Yanwei3, ZHENG Zhong1   

  1. 1. Centre for Urban & Regional Studies, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    3. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2013-01-01 Revised:2013-08-01 Online:2013-09-25 Published:2013-09-25

摘要: 本文采用“Web of Science”数据库收录的1999-2013年期间发表的探讨时空关系相关文献,包括2263篇直接文献和这些文献引用的78139篇参考文献为基础数据,采用Histcite软件构建时空关系研究文献数据库,结合Citespace软件对该数据库进行文献引用关系和知识图谱的可视化处理,并对热点文献进行解读与分析,从而分析时空关系研究的研究热点和发展趋势。研究发现:2000年前后,时空关系研究与GIS结合逐步突破了传统时间地理学研究的技术瓶颈和研究框架,迅速进入了一个文献爆炸的阶段,研究的内容逐步从时空行为的描述转向对时空关系的解释。随着时空GIS技术的不断成熟,本领域的研究更多地把时空行为作为一种变量,对各种时空现象和社会问题进行解释,而不仅仅是一个被描述和解释的对象,其学科应用价值将逐步突显。

关键词: 进展, 时间地理学, 时空关系, 研究热点, 知识图谱

Abstract: The field of space-time research has received wide attention in the past few decades. In order to explore the trend and hot issues objectively, a database is set up by the software Histcite, consisting of 2263 related papers included in the database of "Web of Science" from 1999 to 2013 and 78139 indirect papers referenced by the papers in first group. The historical citation relationships and the hot-spot papers, key words, and journals are visualized on the platform of Citespace. At the same time, the citation relationships between the 2263 related papers are also analyzed by Histcite. Some conclusions are drawn as follows: Firstly, the widely cited papers are exploding, with the trend from discussions on the theoretical framework to methods and applications. In detail, after the first widely cited paper, titled as "what about people in regional science" written by H?gerstrand in 1970, appears in the citation tree-rings, there scattered certain other widely cited papers during the 1970s when the theory of time geography was being formed. There appear a few hot-spot papers during the 1980s, including the papers from the field of transportation geography. After the 1990s, with the application of GIS, more and more publications related to the subject of space-time were cited, and the trend became more remarkable after 2000s. The content of studies gradually shifted from description of space-time behavior to the interpretation of it. As T-GIS technology matures, space-time behavior will be used not only as an object to be decrypted, but also as a variable to explain space-time phenomena and social problems, and the value of the application will be gradually revealed. Secondly, the main trends of the papers related to space-time published during 1999-2013 have been discovered, including the integration of space-time framework and GIS, the integration of space-time and travel demand, the impact of internet and mobile technology on spatio-temporal behavior, and the gender differences et.al. The potential widely cited but non-mainstream papers are in the field of transportation modeling and sociology. Finally, the key words of hot topics and journals related to space-time are also recognized.

Key words: hot spots of research, knowledge map, progress, space-time, time geography