地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (8): 1276-1285.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.08.011

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

医学地理学发展趋势及当前热点

齐兰兰1, 周素红1,2, 闫小培1, 古杰1   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院城市与区域研究中心, 广州510275;
    2. 广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室, 广州510275
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-01 修回日期:2013-04-01 出版日期:2013-08-25 发布日期:2013-08-25
  • 作者简介:齐兰兰(1981-),女,吉林省吉林市人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市地理学。E-mail: arielblue@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271166,40971098)

Trend and hot topics of medical geography

QI Lanlan1, ZHOU Suhong1,2, YAN Xiaopei1, GU Jie1   

  1. 1. Centre for Urban and Regional Studies, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2012-10-01 Revised:2013-04-01 Online:2013-08-25 Published:2013-08-25
  • Contact: 周素红(1976-),女,广东饶平人,博士,教授,主要从事城市地理学、城市公共政策研究。E-mail: eeszsh@mail.sysu.edu.cn E-mail:eeszsh@mail.sysu.edu.cn

摘要: 本文从医学地理学两个主要分支——生态医学地理和保健地理领域入手,系统总结医学地理学研究内容与进展,并在文献阅读的基础上结合软件平台建立医学地理学的文献数据库,对高引用文献、高频词汇、作者国别和所属机构进行排名和识别。结果发现,医学地理学从关注“疾病”拓展到与“健康”相关的地理问题,研究的空间尺度从全球、国家、地方到社区再到建筑内部向更广泛和更细致发展,研究手段进一步丰富,更多空间分析技术和方法被应用。研究内容热点包括人类自身发展和社会经济活动对健康的影响,保健服务的空间关系、人们的保健行为对健康的影响,邻里环境尤其是社会经济因素对健康的影响,卫生与健康公平尤其是特殊群体的医疗服务问题。医学地理研究的学者来自医学和公共卫生相关研究机构的最多,其次是地理研究机构。大量的医学地理研究主要来自于美洲、欧洲等发达国家和中国、巴西等快速发展中的国家。本文认为医学地理学未来将向更广泛层面的福祉研究发展,研究的空间尺度将一步深化和细化,并加大对网络医疗等虚拟空间的深入研究,学科融合更广泛。

关键词: 保健地理, 发展趋势, 生态医学地理, 研究热点, 医学地理学

Abstract: In this paper, based on the discussions on the two main branches, ecological medical geography and health care geography, we reviewed current content and development process of medical geography. Through literature study and use of a software platform, we established a database which helps identify and rank citation rates, vocabulary frequencies, authors' countries and affiliations. We argued that, in contrast to classic literature, medical geography studies in recent years expanded the focuses from "disease" to "health" related geographical issues; research horizons expanded from global to national, to local, to neighborhood, and even to the inner space of a building; more and more research tools became available, and more and more spatial analysis methods have been used. The focuses of the studies of medical geography include: the impact of human development and socio-economic activities on health, spatial relationships between healthcare services, effects of healthcare behavior on the health conditions, the impacts of neighborhood environment, especially socio-economic conditions, health and healthcare equity issues, especially medical services and healthcare for the groups with special needs. The majority of the researchers are mainly from medical and public health fields, followed by the ones from geographic research institutions. Studies of medical geography are mainly in developed American and European countries, as well as the fast developing countries such as China, Brazil, and so on. This paper argued that research in medical geography should expand to a broader scope that includes the study of well-being; the spatial scale of the study would be widened, deepened, and expanded to the topics in virtual space such as online- base medical services; multidisciplinary researches would also be more widely adopted in the future.

Key words: ecological medical geography, health care geography, hot research topics, medical geography, trend of development