地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (6): 984-992.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.06.016

• 旅游与休闲地理 • 上一篇    

旅游地可持续发展研究综述

唐承财1,2,3, 钟林生2, 成升魁2   

  1. 1. 北京第二外国语学院旅游管理学院, 北京100024;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    3. 中国遗产旅游研究中心, 北京100024
  • 收稿日期:2012-08-01 修回日期:2013-01-01 出版日期:2013-06-25 发布日期:2013-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 钟林生(1971-),男,博士,副研究员,主要从事生态旅游与旅游环境研究。E-mail:zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:唐承财(1982-),男,博士后,讲师,研究方向为生态旅游、低碳旅游与旅游管理。E-mail:tcc5808@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究课题规划项目(09YJA79009);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(13YJC630144);中国博士后科学基金面上资助项目(2013M530711);北京第二外国语学院校级科研基金资助一般项目(13Bb026)。

A review on sustainable development for tourist destination

TANG Chengcai1,2,3, ZHONG Linsheng2, CHENG Shengkui2   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Chinese Heritage Tourism Research Center, Beijing 100024, China
  • Received:2012-08-01 Revised:2013-01-01 Online:2013-06-25 Published:2013-06-25

摘要: 旅游业快速发展给旅游地带来一系列资源环境等问题, 开展旅游地可持续发展研究有助于优化旅游地生态服务功能与提升旅游业综合效益。本文首先回顾了国内外旅游地可持续发展的研究历程, 将其分为起步探索、快速发展与巩固深化3 个阶段。其次, 分析了旅游环境承载力评价、旅游环境影响评价、评价指标体系、可接受改变极限、旅游生态足迹分析等旅游地可持续发展研究方法的特点与不足。第三, 从旅游地可持续发展概念内涵与发展水平、旅游地发展演化过程与规律、旅游生态安全与环境容量、旅游可持续发展模式、居民与游客的影响感知、旅游地低碳化发展、旅游企业的影响等7 个方面对旅游地可持续发展研究进行综述。最后对中国旅游地可持续发展研究提出了建议。

关键词: 可持续发展, 旅游地, 旅游业, 研究综述

Abstract: With the rapid development of tourism, various resource and environmental problems have been constantly emerging in tourism destination areas. The research on sustainable development of tourism destinations can promote the optimization of comprehensive benefit and the exertion of ecosystem service function for tourism destinations. There have been abundant achievements in the research on sustainable development of tourism destinations at home and abroad. The research progress was reviewed from the three aspects in this paper, including research process, research methods and main research content. Firstly, the course of the research at home and abroad was summarized and divided into three phases: initial exploration, rapid development, consolidation and deepening. Secondly, main research methods were analyzed comprehensively in terms of their characteristics and the insufficiency, which include tourism environment capacity evaluation, tourism environment impact evaluation, evaluation indices, limits of acceptable change, tourism ecology footprint. Thirdly, the major research contexts were reviewed from seven aspects, including the concepts and the level of sustainable development of tourism destinations, the course and the mechanism of the development of tourism destinations, carrying capacity and ecosystem safety of the environment of tourism destinations, tourism sustainable development model, local residents' and visitors' perceptions of the impacts of tourism, low-carbon development of tourism destinations, and the impacts of tourism enterprises. Finally, the perspectives of the research on sustainable development of tourism destinations in China were put forward from the aspects of theory, methods, and content.

Key words: research review, sustainable development, tourism industry, tourist destination