地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 818-830.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.05.013

• 经济地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

世界能源地理研究进展及学科发展展望

杨宇1,2, 刘毅1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2012-11-01 修回日期:2013-02-01 出版日期:2013-05-25 发布日期:2013-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘毅(1957-),男,研究员,博士生导师,中国地理学会副理事长,主要从事经济地理与区域发展研究.E-mail: liuy@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:liuy@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:杨宇(1984-),男,山东威海人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为能源地理与区域发展.E-mail: popolar@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重大科学研究计划项目(2012CB95570002).

Progress and prospect of world energy geography in China

YANG Yu1,2, LIU Yi1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-11-01 Revised:2013-02-01 Online:2013-05-25 Published:2013-05-25

摘要: 面向国家重大战略需求,应对日益严峻的国际能源环境,开展世界能源地理研究是经济地理学家的重要使命.但从目前的研究来看,缺乏系统的地理学视角,研究主要集中在政治学、外交学、经济学等领域.相关学科涉及能源地理学的研究主要集中在3 个方面:① 世界能源地缘政治格局研究;② 世界能源地缘政治格局中的中国能源安全研究,包括能源供给、运输、储备等;③ 中国能源合作与能源外交研究.展望未来,应从3 个方面加强世界能源地理的研究:① 建立系统的研究框架,全面把握世界能源状态、格局及其演变规律;② 建立世界能源的动态数据库,加强模拟分析与可视化表达能力;③ 加强研究平台建设,培养研究队伍.

关键词: 能源安全, 能源合作, 能源政策, 世界能源地理学, 中国

Abstract: It is an important mission for economic geographers to work on world energy geography to meet with major national strategic demands and to face the increasingly severe international energy environment. Current studies lack systematic investigation of the world energy based on economic geography, and the studies only focus on political science, diplomacy, economics and other fields. Generally speaking, the studies of world energy are mainly concentrated in three areas: (1) study on the energy geopolitical situation; (2) national energy security based on the energy geopolitical situation including energy supply, transport, storage, etc.; (3) China's energy cooperation and energy diplomacy. Looking forward, geographical study of world energy should be strengthened in three aspects: (1) to establish a systematical framework and get a comprehensive grasp of the status, pattern and evolvement of world energy; (2) to built a dynamic database of world energy and enhance simulation analysis with visual communication tools; (3) to strengthen the establishment of research platform and training of research teams.

Key words: China, energy cooperation, energy policy, energy security, world energy geography