地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 797-806.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.05.011

• 经济地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江三角洲区域政策变迁与跨国公司布局演变

刘可文1,2, 曹有挥1, 牟宇峰1,2, 孙小祥1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008;
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2012-11-01 修回日期:2013-02-01 出版日期:2013-05-25 发布日期:2013-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 曹有挥(1959-),男,江苏扬州人,博士,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事经济地理和人文地理学等研究.E-mail: yhcao@niglas.ac.cn E-mail:yhcao@niglas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:刘可文(1981-),男,陕西咸阳人,博士生,研究方向为城市发展与区域规划.E-mail: lkwonline@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271136).

Regional policy change and multinational corporations' space layout evolution in the Yangtze River Delta

LIU Kewen1,2, CAO Youhui1, MOU Yufeng1,2, SUN Xiaoxiang1,2   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-11-01 Revised:2013-02-01 Online:2013-05-25 Published:2013-05-25

摘要: 跨国公司倾向于布局在交易成本和转形(生产)成本较小的区域.改革开放以来,中国实施的一系列区域政策减小了跨国公司的交易成本.通过对长江三角洲区域政策的梳理,分析了区域政策变迁与跨国公司布局的时空演变,发现跨国公司在长三角空间布局一直呈扩散趋势,具有和区域政策变迁同步的3 个阶段:① 初始阶段,跨国公司布局与区域政策关联较弱,集中在区域中心上海;② 集聚阶段,跨国公司在生产成本低、政策强度高的沪宁沿线城市集聚;③ 网络化阶段,跨国公司在生产成本低、政策强度高、早期集聚的区域形成区域性生产网络,并向长三角的边缘区扩散.不同阶段跨国公司布局机制存在差异,降低交易成本的区域政策的影响变得显著,区域的集聚效应、科技水平历来受到重视,而区域经济效率和劳动力成本、交通等传统要素成本对跨国公司布局的影响逐渐减弱.

关键词: 布局演变, 长江三角洲, 交易成本, 跨国公司, 区域政策

Abstract: Multinational corporations tend to be located in the areas where transaction and transformation (production) costs are low, and implementation of various regional policies in China effectively helps reduce the transaction costs. By collating and quantifying the regional policies in the Yangtze River Delta, this paper analyzed the correlation between regional policy change and multinational corporation space layout evolution in space and time. The results are as follows: there has been a diffusion trend in the space layout of multinational companies in the Yangtze River Delta. Regional policy change and multinational corporation space layout both had three stages simultaneously: (1) the primary stage, in which the correlation between multinational corporations' layout and regional policy is weak; multinational corporations were located mostly in the regional center city Shanghai; (2) the agglomeration stage, in which multinational corporations gathered in cities along the Shanghai-Nanjing line, where the production costs were low and they enjoyed favorable policies; (3) network stage, in which multinational corporations formed regional production networks in the areas with low production costs, favorable policies and industry clusters, and diffused to marginal zones of the Yangtze River Delta. There are differences among the stages in terms of the mechanisms of multinational corporations' layout.

Key words: layout evolution, multinational corporation, regional policy, the Yangtze River Delta, transaction cost