地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 769-776.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.05.008

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

城镇人居环境舒适指数及其组合因子研究——以湖南省长沙县为例

刘沛林1, 廖柳文2, 刘春腊1   

  1. 1. 衡阳师范学院资源环境与旅游管理系,衡阳 421008;
    2. 衡阳师范学院南岳学院,衡阳 421008
  • 收稿日期:2012-11-01 修回日期:2013-02-01 出版日期:2013-05-25 发布日期:2013-05-25
  • 作者简介:刘沛林(1963-),男,湖南汉寿人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事区域发展、人居环境、聚落地理及景观规划等研究.E-mail: liu_peilin@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271167);湖南省社科基金重大委托项目(12WTA09);湖南省人居环境学研究基地委托项目(12JDW03);湖南省人文地理学重点建设学科及衡阳市社科基金项目(2011B(F)034).

Urban residential amenity index and its composition factors:The case of Changsha County in Hunan Province

LIU Peilin1, LIAO Liuwen2, LIU Chunla1   

  1. 1. Department of Resource Environment and Travel Management, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421008, China;
    2. Nanyue College, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421008, China
  • Received:2012-11-01 Revised:2013-02-01 Online:2013-05-25 Published:2013-05-25

摘要: 随着经济全球化、城镇化进程的快速发展,城镇人口不断增加,城镇规模不断扩展,城镇人居环境恶化趋势明显,改善城镇人居环境对提升中小城市综合竞争力,以及推进城镇化进程有着重要意义,加快城镇人居环境建设已成为我国城镇建设的主要任务之一.基于结构式访谈获取的120 份长沙县城镇人居环境舒适满意度问卷调查资料,结合城镇人居环境舒适指数评价指标体系,分析结果表明,长沙县城镇人居环境舒适指数为0.82,属于较好水平,但居民对城镇人居环境舒适满意程度评价为一般.在此基础上,从自然、经济、社会等方面分析了城镇人居环境舒适指数的组合因子,并提出改善城镇人居环境的政策建议.

关键词: 长沙县, 城镇人居环境, 湖南省, 舒适指数, 组合因子

Abstract: With economic globalization, rapid urbanization, and steady improvement of productive forces, urban populations and scales have been continuously increasing and expanding. However, there is an obvious trend of deterioration of the urban residential environment. Improving the urban residential environment plays an important role in enhancing the comprehensive competitiveness of small and medium-sized cities and promoting urbanization process, hence one of the major tasks of the urban construction in China is to improve urban residential environment. Based on structured interview and 120 sets of questionnaire survey data of residential amenity satisfaction degree in Changsha County, an index system for urban residential amenity evaluation was established. The results of index calculation and analysis showed that: the residential amenity index of Changsha County is 0.82, which belongs to a good level, but local residents' satisfaction degree for the urban residential environment is mediocre. The influencing composition factors of the urban residential amenity index were analyzed from the physical and socio-economic aspects. The authors put forward that, to improve the urban residential environment, the government should strengthen the construction of infrastructure and public service facilities, develop cities slowly, and improve related management systems.

Key words: amenity index, Changsha County, composition factors, Hunan Province, urban residential environment