地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 743-754.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.05.006

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城市扩张态势与驱动机理研究学派综述

高金龙1,2, 陈江龙1, 苏曦1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008;
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2012-09-01 修回日期:2013-03-01 出版日期:2013-05-25 发布日期:2013-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈江龙(1974-),男,福建厦门人,副研究员,主要从事区域发展及土地利用规划研究.E-mail: jlchen@niglas.ac.cn E-mail:jlchen@niglas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:高金龙(1988-),男,山东无棣人,硕士生,主要研究方向为土地利用与区域发展.E-mail: gaojinlong1937@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(70873120,41130750);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-339).

Urban expansion and its driving mechanism in China:From three main shools' perspectives

GAO Jinlong1,2, CHEN Jianglong1, SU Xi1,2   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-09-01 Revised:2013-03-01 Online:2013-05-25 Published:2013-05-25

摘要: 作为世界上最大的发展中国家,随着城市扩张问题的日益凸显,中国城市扩张研究也逐渐成为学术界关注的焦点.本文首先对国内外关于中国城市扩张速度与规模、模式与类型,以及城市空间结构演变的研究进行系统归纳;然后,在此基础上分别从经济学派、制度学派和经验学派的角度对中国城市扩张的驱动机理进行总结,并简要评述各学派研究的特点及局限性.笔者认为,中国的城市扩张具有明显的阶段性、区域性及等级性,即处于不同发展阶段不同区域的不同等级的城市表现出不同的扩张态势,其相应的扩张机理也不同.因此,关于中国城市扩张的后续研究应加强现阶段及长时间尺度研究,选取更具普适性案例,采用更加全面数据和综合的方法,注重不同学派视角的综合,对中国城市扩张进行更加全面与科学的研究.

关键词: 城市扩张, 驱动机理, 态势, 中国

Abstract: As the largest developing country in the world, China is facing the most challenging situation in its urban land use. The study of urban expansion is becoming the focus of attention in the academic community as the problems of urban expansion are becoming increasingly prominent. After summarizing the studies on the speed and scale, mode and type, and the evolution of urban spatial structures in China, we first reviewed the driving mechanism of cities' expansion from economic, institutional and empirical perspectives, and then gave a brief overview of the characteristics and limitations of the studies in each school.We concluded that Chinese urban expansion clearly has stage, regional and hierarchical characteristics. In other words, the cities of different levels, in the different regions and at different stages of development are showing different trends of expansion, so are the expansion mechanisms. Therefore, the follow-up study on urban expansion in China should focus on both current stage and long time range of the representative cases, use comprehensive data and integrated approaches, combine different schools of thought, and conduct more comprehensive and scientific researches on urban expansion in China.

Key words: China, driving mechanism, situation, urban expansion