地理科学进展

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中国农户可持续生计研究进展及趋向

何仁伟1,2,3, 刘邵权1, 陈国阶1, 谢芳婷1,3, 杨晓佳2, 梁岚2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所,成都610041;
    2. 西昌学院农业科学院,西昌615013;
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2012-07-01 修回日期:2013-01-01 出版日期:2013-04-25 发布日期:2013-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘邵权(1968-),男,重庆梁平人,研究员,主要从事山区城镇与聚落研究。E-mail:liushq@imde.ac.cn E-mail:liushq@imde.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:何仁伟(1978-),男,重庆垫江人,博士研究生,主要从事山区发展与农户生计研究。E-mail:herenweiyan@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-EW-317);中国科学院西部之光基金项目(09R2340340)。

Research progress and tendency of sustainable livelihoods for peasant household in China

HE Renwei1,2,3, LIU Shaoquan1, CHEN Guojie1, XIE Fangting1,3, YANG Xiaojia2, LIANG Lan2   

  1. 1. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS, Chengdu 610041, China;
    2. School of Agricultural Sciences of Xichang College, Xichang 615013, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-07-01 Revised:2013-01-01 Online:2013-04-25 Published:2013-04-25

摘要: 开展农户可持续生计研究,对于解决农村贫困问题,促进农村社会经济可持续发展具有重要意义。在查阅大量相关文献的基础上,本文首先阐述了可持续生计的概念,并对国外农户可持续生计研究概况进行了简介;然后从生计资产(资本)研究、生计脆弱性分析、生计策略研究、政策、机构和过程对农户生计影响研究、农户生计与生态环境的相互关系研究等5 个方面对近年来国内农户生计的主要研究进展进行了归纳总结。最后,提出了中国农户可持续生计研究的主要趋向:跨学科综合性、系统性研究,新技术方法的综合与动态研究,农户可持续生计与贫困问题研究,城乡转型期农户可持续生计研究,重点区域的农户可持续生计研究。

关键词: 可持续生计, 农户, 研究进展, 研究趋向, 中国

Abstract: Carrying on the research of sustainable livelihoods for peasant household has great significance to eliminating poverty and promoting the social and economic sustainable development in rural areas. Based on consulting extensive related literature, this paper elaborates the definition of sustainable livelihoods firstly and briefly describes foreign research progress of it. Then, the research progress of sustainable livelihoods for peasant household in China is summarized from the research contents, research technologies and methodologies. The summary of recent research achievements concerns five topics: (1) research on livelihood assets; (2) research on livelihood strategies; (3) research on livelihood vulnerability; (4) research on transforming structures and processes of the institutions,organizations,policies and legislation; and (5) research on the interrelation between the livelihood of peasant household and the ecological environment. Finally, on the basis of analyzing the domestic research progress of sustainable livelihoods for peasant household above, this paper argues that the main trends of Chinese future research on sustainable livelihoods for peasant household should be as follows: (1) interdisciplinary, integrated and systematic research on sustainable livelihoods for peasant household; (2) integrated research using new technologies and dynamic research; (3) research on the sustainable livelihoods for peasant household and poverty; (4) research on the sustainable livelihoods for peasant household under the new situation of rural-urban transformation in China; and (5) research on the sustainable livelihoods for peasant household in the key areas.

Key words: China, peasant household, research progress, research tendency, sustainable livelihoods