地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 191-202.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.02.005

• 农村发展与土地利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

中老缅泰“黄金四角”地区土地利用与土地覆被变化研究进展

刘晓娜1,2, 封志明1, 姜鲁光1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2012-06-01 修回日期:2012-12-01 出版日期:2013-02-25 发布日期:2013-02-07
  • 通讯作者: 封志明(1963-),男,研究员。E-mail:fengzm@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:fengzm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:刘晓娜(1986-),女,山东临沂人,博士研究生,主要从事土地利用/土地覆被变化研究。E-mail:liuxn.10b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41271117);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所战略科技计划项目(2012SJ008)。

Review of land use and land cover change of Golden Economic Quadrangle Region in the border of China, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand

LIU Xiaona1,2, FENG Zhiming1, JIANG Luguang1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-06-01 Revised:2012-12-01 Online:2013-02-25 Published:2013-02-07

摘要: 论文系统评述了中老缅泰“黄金四角”地区土地利用/土地覆被变化(LUCC)分类与制图、LUCC的空间格局与驱动力以及环境效应研究进展。研究表明:现有LUCC研究相对零星分散, 整体性、综合性以及对比性区域研究不足;LUCC分类与制图多源于全球和大尺度研究, 高精度区域性分类与制图研究较少, 时空尺度已无法满足区域性研究需求;罂粟地、轮歇地、橡胶林地3 种典型地类研究参差不齐, 遥感识别方法与时空分析研究不足;LUCC格局和过程变化分析多关注某些地类, 整体性空间格局及国别时空对比研究不足;LUCC驱动力研究多停留在局部区域, 整体研究较为薄弱;LUCC土壤环境效应研究丰富, 水、大气以及生态环境效应研究则相对不足。研究认为, 应加强LUCC的不同时空尺度对比研究、拓展LUCC研究内容、深化LUCC综合研究方法, 同时要重视对边境、贫穷地区的LUCC研究;提出应开展中老缅泰交界地区LUCC国别对比研究, 既可丰富LUCC基础数据库, 也可为这一地区的土地可持续利用提供参考与借鉴。

关键词: 黄金四角, 土地利用与土地覆被变化, 研究进展, 展望, 中老缅泰

Abstract: Golden Economic Quadrangle Region is located on the borders of China, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand, the only multi-national geo-economic region in the Lancang-Mekong River Basin. With the development of various economic cooperation mechanisms, this region is becoming a hot and vulnerable area of land use and land cover change. The study has found that the current researches on land use and land cover change are relatively scattered and dispersed, lacking of holistic, comprehensive and regional comparative studies. Most data of land use and land cover change classification and mapping are from global and large-scale works, which can’t satisfy the regional research needs from the spatial and temporal perspectives. There have been only few high-resolution regional classifications and mapping studies. The levels of the studies on particular land types, i. e., opium poppy, swidden land, rubber forest, vary. Especially, the remote sensing recognition method and spatial- temporal analysis are inadequate. Pattern and process analysis of land use and land cover change has paid more attention to certain land types, but less attention to integrated and national comparative studies. Studies on driving forces of land use and land cover change are only carried out in small local areas. There are abundant studies on the effects of land use and land cover change on soil environment, but relatively rare on water, atmosphere, and eco-environment. The paper suggests that it is necessary to emphasize on comparative studies in different spatial and temporal scales, expand the research topics, adopt comprehensive methodologies, and at the same time, put more focus on the studies in the border regions and underdeveloped areas. The inter-national comparative studies on land use and land cover change on the borders of China, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand, not only help enrich the basic database of land use and land cover change, but also provide references for sustainable land use and regional development on the borders of the four countries.

Key words: border of China, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand, Golden Economic Quadrangle Region, land use and land cover change, outlook, review