地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 147-160.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.02.001

• 本刊特稿 •    下一篇

人文—经济地理学在生态文明建设中的学科价值与学术创新

樊杰1,2, 周侃1,2, 孙威1,2, 陈东1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-01 修回日期:2013-01-01 出版日期:2013-02-25 发布日期:2013-02-07
  • 通讯作者: 陈东(1979-),男,博士,助理研究员。主要研究方向为金融地理学和空间结构的经济地理学分析。E-mail:chend.04b@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:chend.04b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:樊杰(1961-),男,博士,研究员。主要研究方向为经济地理学和区域可持续发展。E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技支撑计划项目(2008BAH31B00);国家自然科学基金重点项目(40830741);中国科学院重点部署项目(KZZD-EW-06-01)。

Scientific values and research innovations of Human-economic Geography in construction of ecological civilization

FAN Jie1,2, ZHOU Kan1,2, SUN Wei1,2, CHEN Dong1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2013-01-01 Revised:2013-01-01 Online:2013-02-25 Published:2013-02-07

摘要: 人文—经济地理学对自然圈层和人文圈层的相互作用、人类生活和生产活动在地球表层分布及演变规律的前瞻性研究成果, 在支撑国家科学决策、促进国土有序开发方面发挥了突出作用。中国共产党第十八次全国代表大会将优化国土空间开发格局作为生态文明建设的首要任务, 为人文—经济地理学进一步发展提供了良好机遇。本文通过分析近年来地理学重视机理和过程研究而可能导致学科微观分化和人文化倾向的偏差, 结合生态文明建设对综合学科支撑体系建设的要求, 阐释了人文—经济地理学学科的综合价值, 并对因素与机制、界面及过程、功能与结构、尺度及转换等人文—经济地理学的基本范畴进行了再认识。本文还重点讨论了基于经济—生态—社会综合效益和生产—分配—消费立体系统的空间均衡模型, 阐述了面向人—地系统相互作用的资源环境承载能力评价方法, 探讨了地域功能成因理论与识别技术, 以及将面状的功能地域纳入空间结构理论框架的学术创新要点。最后, 结合近年来人文—经济地理学在国土空间开发格局与区域发展基础理论与方法方面的主要进展, 针对学科相互替代所带来的挑战, 提出坚持思想性和学术性并举、计算机方法与实验方法兼备、基础理论与应用研究并重、交叉研究创新与经典路径依赖相融的学科发展路径。

关键词: 创新, 国土空间开发格局, 人文—经济地理学, 生态文明, 中国

Abstract: The achievements in the forward-looking human-economic geographic studies on the interactions between natural sphere and human sphere as well as the distribution and evolution mechanism of human living and production activities on the earth’s surface have been playing a prominent role in guiding the scientific decision- making and promoting the orderly territorial development. The Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China has put the optimization of spatial development pattern as the primary task of ecological civilization; this provides an unprecedented opportunity of development and huge demand for human-economic geography. Based on the analyses of the microscopic differentiation and humanizing tendency caused by the emphasis on mechanism and process studies, and the requirements of multidisciplinary supporting system for the construction of ecological civilization, this paper discusses the comprehensive values of human-economic geography as a research field, and re-recognizes the basic categories of the subject from the aspects of factors and mechanisms, interface and process, functions and structure, scale and its conversion. Specifically, this paper discusses the topics such as: (1) the Equilibrium Model for the balance between comprehensive benefits of economy, ecology and society and the stereo system of production, distribution and consumption; (2) carrying capacity evaluation method, oriented toward the interaction between human system and natural system; (3) the theory for the emergence of territorial functions and the identification method; (4) the research innovation by which the planar space of territorial functions is incorporated into the theoretical framework of spatial structures. Finally, in response to the challenges from the replacements among different subjects, four aspects of disciplinary development path are put forward for the future, including: paying equal attention to academic and ideological contents, making comprehensive use of computer methods and experimental methods, emphasizing on the unity of basic theories and applied research, and integrating the innovation of interdisciplinary researches and the dependence on classical paths.

Key words: China, ecological civilization, human-economic geography, innovation, spatial development pattern