地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (11): 1537-1545.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.11.015

• 农业与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

华北平原农业适应气候变化技术集成创新体系

韩荣青1,2,3, 潘韬1, 刘玉洁1, 张九天4, 王文涛4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 山东师范大学人口资源与环境学院,济南 250014;
    3. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049;
    4. 中国21 世纪议程管理中心,北京 100038
  • 收稿日期:2011-12-01 修回日期:2012-06-01 出版日期:2012-11-25 发布日期:2012-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘玉洁,女,博士,助研.E-mail: liuyujie@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:liuyujie@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:韩荣青(1971-),女,博士,主要研究方向为自然地理综合研究.E-mail: hrqsd@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2010CB955905);山东省社科规划重点项目(08BJGJ05).

Integrated Innovation Systems for Climate Change Adaptation Technologies in North China Plain

HAN Rongqing1,2,3, PAN Tao1, LIU Yujie1, ZHANG Jiutian4, WANG Wentao4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Population, Recources and Environment College of Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China;
    3. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    4. The Administrative Center for China's Agenda 21, Beijing 100038, China
  • Received:2011-12-01 Revised:2012-06-01 Online:2012-11-25 Published:2012-11-25

摘要: 适应气候变化技术的集成创新是应对气候变化的必要途径.以我国重要的商品粮生产基地——华北平原为例,分析了气候变化对华北平原农业的影响,提出华北平原农业适应气候变化的技术集成创新体系,包括:单一目标的农业适应技术集成体系,多目标综合的农业适应技术集成体系,多部门综合的农业适应技术集成体系和因地制宜的分区农业适应技术集成体系等;讨论了适应的不确定性、适应需求的差异性以及适应技术集成创新能力.最后指出,我国应对气候变化亟需开展不同领域适应气候变化技术的集成创新研究,构建不同部门适应气候变化技术的集成创新体系,使各种单项和分散的技术成果得到集成,从而建立完善的适应气候变化技术的集成创新机制.

关键词: 华北平原, 集成创新体系, 农业, 适应气候变化技术

Abstract: Integrated technology innovation is a necessary approach to climate change adaptation. This paper, taking the North China Plain (NCP), one of the most important commodity grain producing regions, as a case, analyzes the impacts of climate change on the region’s agriculture, and puts forward several integrated innovation systems for climate change adaptation technologies for the agriculture in NCP, including: (1) single-objective system, (2) multi-objective system, (3) multi-agency system, (4) area-specific system. In examining the different scenarios for implementation of climate change adaptation, this paper discusses the uncertainty of climate change adaptation, differences in the need for the adaptation, and integrated innovation capability of the adaptation technologies. This paper also points out that climate change adaptation in China requires the study of integrated technology innovation in different fields, and requires the formation of integrated innovation system in different agencies, so that many a single and independent technical achievement can be integrated into the system, which leads to the establishment of an integrated innovation mechanism for climate adaptation technologies.

Key words: adaptation technology to climate change, agriculture, integrated innovation system, North China Plain