地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (10): 1407-1412.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.10.019

• 旅游与社会地理 • 上一篇    

旅游产业集群研究综述

王润1,2, 刘家明1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2011-10-01 修回日期:2012-03-01 出版日期:2012-10-25 发布日期:2012-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘家明(1966-),男,研究员,主要研究方向为旅游度假区、旅游规划与设计。E-mail:liujm@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:liujm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:王润(1984-),女,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市旅游、旅游规划与设计。E-mail:sleaky@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41071110)。

A Review of Tourism Cluster Research

WANG Run1,2, LIU Jiaming1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2011-10-01 Revised:2012-03-01 Online:2012-10-25 Published:2012-10-25

摘要: 产业集群理论提出之后, 各行各业中产业集群研究逐步繁荣, 旅游产业集群也是其中之一。迄今为止, 国内旅游产业集群涉及概念与类型、形成条件、发展评判、形成机理等研究主题, 与学术研究形成鲜明对比的是, 旅游度假区、旅游产业集聚区等产业集群的案例研究滞后。本文根据国内外关于旅游产业集群的主要文献资料, 按照定义与内涵、成因与机制、竞合关系与联系网络、区域影响的逻辑顺序进行梳理与归纳, 并结合产业集群理论发展现状及国内外旅游产业集群研究对比, 提出了旅游产业集群研究与其他产业部门集群研究及国际旅游产业集群研究的差距, 最后提出国内旅游产业集群亟需加强研究的方面。

关键词: 集聚机制, 集群成因, 旅游产业集群

Abstract: After cluster theory was put forward, cluster research has become popular in many industry fields. Tourism cluster is one of these fields. Tourism cluster research has been involved in conception, cluster types, necessary conditions, level of network, and mechanism of development so far. Literature research is also concerned with it; however, there have been fewer research papers to cover the new trends in tourism cluster. Contrast to academic research, practice in tourism research in China is increasingly common. This paper, based on the new literature on tourism cluster at home and abroad, makes a more detailed review and analysis of study focuses. Finally, the authors briefly discuss the enlightenment from clusters research and domestic tourism clusters studies.

Key words: agglomeration mechanism, contributing factors of clusters, tourism cluster