地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (10): 1282-1288.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.10.005

• 城市地理研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

信息技术对南京市职住分离的影响

翟青1, 甄峰2, 康国定3   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院, 南京210093;
    2. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院, 南京210093;
    3. 南京人口学院人口经济系, 南京210042
  • 收稿日期:2012-02-01 修回日期:2012-06-01 出版日期:2012-10-25 发布日期:2012-10-25
  • 作者简介:翟青(1984-),女,江苏南京人,博士研究生,研究方向为移动信息时代城市空间结构。E-mail:kuertan@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40971094);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(1115090201)。

Research on Urban Home-Work Separation Influenced by Information and Communication Technologies: Taking Nanjing as an Example

ZHAI Qing1, ZHEN Feng2, KANG Guoding3   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. School of Architechure and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    3. Department of Demography and Economics, Nanjing College for Population Program Management, Nanjing 210042, China
  • Received:2012-02-01 Revised:2012-06-01 Online:2012-10-25 Published:2012-10-25

摘要: 职住空间伴随着城市的发展演变产生分离现象, 引起国内外学者广泛的研究兴趣, 通过实证研究和因素分析已经取得丰富的研究成果。本文试图从信息技术发展视角入手, 分析其对城市职住分离的影响。本文以南京市为例, 通过入户调查获取477 份有效问卷调查数据, 使用有序多分类Logistic 回归模型研究分析。本文提出3个理论假设, 通过实证分析得到部分验证:①职业类型对职住分离的影响仅体现在服务业, 当仅考虑居民社会经济属性时, 从事服务业居民承担的职住分离程度更小;②从居民信息化程度来看, 居民的手机上网流量越大、家庭网络时长越长, 则承担更大程度的职住分离, 但这种正相关较弱, 而手机个人拥有数和便携式电脑家庭拥有数与城市职住分离没有相关性;③从个人属性来看, 个人月收入对城市职住分离的正相关影响最大, 性别、年龄则没有相关性。

关键词: 就业空间, 居住空间, 南京市, 信息技术, 职住分离

Abstract: Employment and residential space is an integrated part of urban space. It is also becoming the focus of urban geography. The influence of information and communication technology, which has permeated into different aspects of residential production and living, is beyond the traditional influence in terms of work-residence separation, which arouses broad concern from home and abroad. Through empirical research and factor analysis great achievements have been made. This paper, taking Nanjing, a higher level of information and economy city as an example, conducts a household survey. In the survey, two indicators were selected: residential socio-economic attributes and residential information level, followed by eight subdivided indicators: gender, age, type of occupation, personal monthly income, the number of mobile phone owned by individuals, the number of family- owned portable computer, mobile internet traffic, and the length of home network. This paper, from ICT development perspective, aims to analyze the influence of home-work separation. The paper has obtained 477 valid questionnaires survey data and built an ordered multinomial logistic regression model. The paper puts forward three theoretical assumptions, which have been partially validated through empirical analysis. First, taking into account only the residential socio-economic attributes, residents engaged in service industry are negatively correlated to work-residence separation, while residents engaged in manufacturing industry have no relevance. Second, mobile internet traffic and the length of home network has significant, but weaker positive relevance, but the number of mobile phones owned by individuals and the number of family-owned portable computers have no correlation with work-residence separation. Third, personal monthly income has the biggest positive relevance, while gender and age has no correlation with work-residence separation.
In the context of information and communication technologies, the research on work-residence separation is of great value since it can be comprehensively analyzed from different perspectives of urban living space, urban employment space and urban residential behavior. However, the impact of information and communication technologies is an ongoing complex process, and it has emerged as time goes on. Currently, ICT can not function well enough to identify the impact on work-residence separation yet. Relevant outcome needs further study.

Key words: employment space, home-work separation, information and communication technologies, Nanjing, residential space