地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (8): 1087-1096.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.08.013

• 旅游与文化地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市旅游到城市群旅游的系统研究

虞虎1,2, 陆林1, 朱冬芳1, 曾琪洁1   

  1. 1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院/旅游发展与规划研究中心, 芜湖241003;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2011-11-01 修回日期:2012-03-01 出版日期:2012-08-25 发布日期:2012-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 陆林(1962-),男,安徽芜湖人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事人文地理教学与科研工作。E-mail:llin@263.net E-mail:llin@263.net
  • 作者简介:虞虎(1986-),男,安徽太和人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为旅游地理和旅游规划。E-mail:yuhuashd@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    安徽省社科重点委托项目(AHSKW2010D01);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41230631)。

Urban Tourism to Urban Agglomeration Tourism: A Deepening Systematic Research

YU Hu1,2, LU Lin1, ZHU Dongfang1, ZENG Qijie1   

  1. 1. Research Center of Tourism and Planning, College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University,Wuhu 241003, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2011-11-01 Revised:2012-03-01 Online:2012-08-25 Published:2012-08-25

摘要: 城市群正成为全球经济竞争的基本地域单元, 城市群旅游研究正处于起步阶段。本文采用文献分析法系统总结了城市旅游和城市群旅游的主要研究内容, 分析了城市旅游向城市群旅游转向的推动因素和路径, 最后讨论了城市群旅游发展存在的问题和趋势。研究认为, 旅游主要在城市商业区塑造和城市滨水空间开发、经济与就业增长、对城市规划的补充、促进文化交流、提高城市整体形象、引导或加速城市环境质量的改善6 个方面促进城市发展。旅游与城市融合发展具有互利性、动态性。城市群旅游研究主要集中在旅游发展带动了城市群旅游产业集聚、交通条件提升、空间结构优化、旅游合作4 个方面。全球化与地方化趋势是城市群旅游形成的重要动力, 城镇体系是空间建构的物质基础, 旅游产品和市场需求的多样化及差异化是推力, 以快速交通为代表的交流手段是科技支撑, 政府对城市群旅游发展起到主要协调作用, 这5 个因素推动着城市旅游向城市群旅游的转变。城市群旅游强调政府和市场调控下多系统、多要素下的动态相互作用, 城市群研究是城市旅游研究的深入。对城市旅游、城市群旅游内容进行系统归纳可为今后城市群旅游研究奠定基础, 拓展旅游地理学研究范围。

关键词: 城市旅游, 城市群旅游, 深化研究

Abstract: Urban tourism is one of the most important contents of tourism research. Urban agglomeration is becoming a basic unit which is playing a significant role in global economic competition, but the research on urban agglomeration tourism is in the initial stage. This article, by using the literature analysis method, firstly summarizes the main research content of urban tourism and urban agglomeration tourism. Then it analyzes the research trend path from urban tourism to urban agglomeration tourism. Finally the influencing factors of urban agglomeration tourism research are discussed. The results show that, tourism promotes urban development in six aspects, which are the development of urban trade district and urban waterfront space, economic increase and employment growth, supplement to urban planning, the improvement of the city image, and guiding or accelerating the improvement of the urban environmental quality. The synergy development between tourism and city emphasizes the characteristics of mutual benefits and dynamic trends. Urban agglomeration tourism drives the industrial cluster of tourism in urban agglomeration, improves traffic condition, optimizes the tourism spatial structure, and facilitates tourism cooperation among cities. Globalization and localization trend are the important power to urban agglomeration tourism formation, and urban system is the material basis of spatial construction. Diverse and different demands for tourism products and markets is the thrust. Represented by communication among cities, the fast traffic belongs to science and technology support. And the government plays a leading and coordinative part in urban agglomeration tourism development. All these five factors have driven the change from urban tourism to urban agglomeration tourism. Urban agglomeration tourism emphasizes dynamic mutual effects under the regulation and control of government and market from multitude systems and elements in the hands of different subject interests. Urban agglomeration tourism research is at the deepening stage based on the research of urban tourism. Against the background of transformation and upgrading strategies in Chinese tourism, the city is the frontier battlefield of the development of the tourism industry. There are different influencing factors in different urban development stages, different development evolution mechanism in different functions and types of urban tourism. Urban agglomeration is becoming a vital force for cities to participate in regional competition. Tourism would provide a good stimulation effect in the element and the whole construction for city and urban agglomeration. Research on the content of urban tourism and urban agglomeration. Systematic research can be conducted to lay the foundation for future research and broaden the scope of tourism geography.

Key words: deepening research, urban agglomeration tourism, urban tourism