地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (8): 1080-1086.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.08.012

• 旅游与文化地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

居民对遵义红色旅游商业街中书法景观的认同度研究

肖潇, 张捷, 卢俊宇   

  1. 南京大学国土资源与旅游学系, 南京210093
  • 收稿日期:2011-11-01 修回日期:2012-01-01 出版日期:2012-08-25 发布日期:2012-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 张捷(1960-),男,江苏无锡人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事旅游地理与书法地理研究。E-mail:jiezhang@nju.edu.cn E-mail:jiezhang@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:肖潇(1988-),女,贵州遵义人,硕士生,主要从事旅游地理与旅游规划研究。E-mail:mg1027029@smail.nju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40871072) 。

The Research on Residents' Perception and Identity to Calligraphic Landscape in Zunyi Red Tourism Commercial Street

XIAO Xiao, ZHANG Jie, LU Junyu   

  1. Department of Land Resource and Tourism Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2011-11-01 Revised:2012-01-01 Online:2012-08-25 Published:2012-08-25

摘要: 文化地理学作为人文地理学的重要分支, 是学者们广泛关注的热点, 但鲜有研究涉及居民对文化景观的感知和认同问题。本文选取了中国传统文化代表——书法景观为研究切入点, 根据地方感理论构建了假设模型, 提出了17 个假设影响路径。根据遵义会议会址景区及周围红色旅游商业街中书法景观的居民感知调查数据, 构建了居民书法景观感知的结构方程模型。分析结果验证了居民感知态度与文化认同的递进性, 拒绝了部分研究假设。同时, 在书法景观功能感知的5 个维度:经济获益、环境审美、场所识别、景观原真性和行为导向中, 经济获益和景观原真性是居民文化认同的决定性因素。研究结果体现了原真性元素在城市文化景观中的核心地位, 验证文化景观对城市经济建设不可或缺的推动作用, 对城市文化景观保护和规划管理具有重要的指导和借鉴意义。

关键词: 经济获益, 景观原真性, 居民感知态度, 书法景观, 文化认同, 遵义红色旅游商业街

Abstract: As an important part of human geography, the cultural geography has been concerned by scholars, while the researches about residents ' perception and identity to cultural landscape is relatively scarce. This paper selected the symbol of Chinese traditional culture—calligraphic landscape as the study object, according to the "sense of place" theory, to build a hypothetical model and made 17 assumption paths. Based on the 421 questionnaires distributed to people in the Zunyi Conference scenic spots and red tourism commercial street, we constructed a structural equation model of residents’perception to calligraphic landscape. The conclusions can be drawn as follows. 1) The residents' perceptive attitudes could enhance the cultural identity, which is contradictory some parts of the research hypothesis. Through the perceptions to calligraphic landscape’s functions, the residents’attitude could form and reinforce the level of residents’cultural identity in the end. Authenticity had the significant effect on residents’perceptive attitude and cultural identity. 2) Meanwhile, among the five dimensions of calligraphic landscape perception which are economic benefit, environmental aesthetics, place identification, landscape authenticity and behavior guidance, economic benefits and authenticity are the decisive factors of residents’cultural identity. Cultural landscape could raise residents’economic benefits. This result is different from tourists’perception to culture landscape which puts emphasis on the environmental aesthetic experience. The results reflected the core status of authenticity in the urban cultural landscape and positive economic effects of urban cultural landscape. Finally, we proposed that the protection and variance of traditional culture in modern city was an important subject for future cultural geographic research. The research serves as an important guide and can provide reference for the protection and planning management of urban cultural landscape.

Key words: calligraphic landscape, cultural identity, economic benefits, landscape authenticity, residents’perceptive attitude, Zunyi Red Tourism Commercial Street