地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (8): 1013-1023.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.08.004

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

大都市创意空间识别研究——基于上海市创意企业分析视角

马仁锋   

  1. 宁波大学建筑工程与环境学院城市科学系, 宁波315211
  • 收稿日期:2011-11-01 修回日期:2012-03-01 出版日期:2012-08-25 发布日期:2012-11-09
  • 作者简介:马仁锋(1979-),男,湖北枣阳人,博士,讲师,研究方向为文化经济地理与城市空间。E-mail:marfxf@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    宁波大学博士科研启动基金项目(2011712);宁波大学重点学科项目(XKL11D2070);2012 年度慈溪市社会科学项目立项课题(2012SK0001);;“十二五”浙江省高校重点学科项目。

The Identification of Creative Spaces in Shanghai: Based on the Space Relation of Creative Enterprise

MA Renfeng   

  1. Department of Urban Science, School of Architectural Civil Engineering and Environment, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
  • Received:2011-11-01 Revised:2012-03-01 Online:2012-08-25 Published:2012-11-09

摘要: 大都市创意产业发展既重构了大都市经济空间与文化社会空间, 又促成了大都市功能提升与结构优化。内城新经济研究认为大都市创意产业发展, 既孕育了创意空间, 又对其有高度依赖, 但是对于创意空间的内涵与认知却众说纷纭。中国发达地区创意空间是否存在, 其发育程度如何, 这正是本文的研究初衷。本文以上海大都市创意企业空间分布为研究对象, 基于创意空间的现实形态结合地统计方法及城市空间结构, 构建了由全局与局部Moran 指数初次判别—回归分析检验与甄别构成的创意空间识别方法。利用上海市第一次与第二次经济普查的企业数据进行分析, 结果表明:①基于GeoDA空间相关性的回归分析与综合判定方法是行之有效的;②2004 年与2008 年上海市各区创意企业在空间关联性上呈正相关, 且表现出集群式空间集聚;③上海创意企业高度集聚于中心城区, 并形成以静安、卢湾为中心的创意空间, 这表明创意空间具有显著的趋大都市中心特性, 但又偏离上海大都市中央商务区, 且有别于国外大都市“多中心”格局, 反映了中国大都市空间结构演变的自身特征。

关键词: Moran指数, 创意空间, 创意企业, 创意企业集聚, 空间相关性, 上海

Abstract: The creative industries (CI), as a newly-flourished set of industries, have triggered worldwide discussion with a consensus that its contribution to the development of economy is evident. As a result, to cultivate CI becomes a critical strategy for industrial upgrading and spatial restructuring in metropolitans or medium-scale cities. Consequently, new characters of urban spatial structure (USS) are emerging due to the distinctiveness of CI themselves. So to explore these new characters in a systematical way at city level from a spatial respect is significant for the academy, as well as for the local government. The inner city has been becoming the dominant area of the development of CI, which then forms new economic space—the creative spaces (CS) emergences. What are CS? There are no unambiguous concepts. With the primary purpose of examining whether or not it exists in metropolises in developing countries like China, and the stage of its growth, the authors took the CI of Shanghai as an example, collected data from yearbooks of the first and second Shanghai economic censuses, and used the method of combining global and local Moran's Index by GeoDA 0.9.5.i, monocentricity & polycentricity autoregressive model of Creative Enterprises (CE), and creative industrial agglomeration forms. The results show that: (1) the route and its methods of Identification of CS is feasible; (2) the spatial correlation of CE in Shanghai in 2004 and 2008 is positive, whereas the correlation coefficient is small, CE spatial distribution is not entirely random, but spatial clustering of the similar values is obvious; (3) the CE are highly concentrated in central Shanghai and two centers Jing'an and Luwan have been formed, but the CBD in Shanghai which include the Bund and the NanjingWest Road is different from that of foreign metropolises.

Key words: creative enterprise, creative enterprise clustering, creative space, Moran Index, Shanghai, spatial correlation