地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (7): 941-952.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.07.013

• 模型与方法研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

水环境非点源污染模型研究进展

夏军1,2, 翟晓燕1, 张永勇2   

  1. 1. 武汉大学水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室, 430072;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2012-01-01 修回日期:2012-05-01 出版日期:2012-07-25 发布日期:2012-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 翟晓燕(1989-),女,硕士研究生,主要从事水文水资源研究。E-mail:huawenyanjun@163.com E-mail:huawenyanjun@163.com
  • 作者简介:夏军(1954-),男,博士生导师,主要研究方向为流域水循环及水资源。E-mail:xiaj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项课题(2009ZX07210-006);武汉大学水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室开放基金(2011B078);中国科学院对外合作项目(GJHZ1016)。

Progress in the Research of Water Environmental Nonpoint Source Pollution Models

XIA Jun1,2, ZHAI Xiaoyan1, ZHANG Yongyong2   

  1. 1. State key Laboratory ofWater Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430072, China;
    2. Key Laboratory ofWater Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2012-01-01 Revised:2012-05-01 Online:2012-07-25 Published:2012-07-25

摘要: 水环境非点源污染已引起严重的生态环境问题, 非点源污染的量化是当今国际研究热点, 数学模拟是研究非点源污染最直接有效的途径之一, 建立以实用性为目标的非点源污染机理模型已成为管理和控制非点源污染的有效手段。本文阐述了国内外非点源污染模型的发展、功能、存在的问题, 及构建非点源污染机理模型的思路, 最后展望了非点源污染模型研究的发展趋势。

关键词: 非点源污染, 机理模型, 展望

Abstract: Water environmental nonpoint source pollution has caused serious eco-environment problems, and the quantitative identification of nonpoint source pollution is an international research focus, of which the most direct and effective means is mathematical simulation, and the establishment of a practically-aimed non-point source pollution mechanism model has become an effective means for nonpoint source pollution management and control. The development, functions and current problems of domestic and international nonpoint source pollution models, along with the construction approaches of nonpoint source pollution mechanism model, are briefly described, and the future studies are prospected in this paper.

Key words: mechanism model, nonpoint source pollution, prospect