地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (7): 859-868.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.07.004

• 土地利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

耕地多功能内涵及其对耕地保护的启示

宋小青1,2, 欧阳竹1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所生态系统网络观测与模拟重点实验室禹城综合试验站, 北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-01 修回日期:2012-05-01 出版日期:2012-07-25 发布日期:2012-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 欧阳竹(1961-),男,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事农田生态系统管理研究。E-mail:ouyz@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:ouyz@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:宋小青(1984-),湖北荆州人,男,博士生,主要从事农田生态系统可持续管理研究。E-mail:sonniasxq@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KSCX2-EW-B-1);中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KSCX1-YW-09-06)。

Connotation of Multifunctional Cultivated Land and Its Implications for Cultivated Land Protection

SONG Xiaoqing1,2, OUYANG Zhu1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-04-01 Revised:2012-05-01 Online:2012-07-25 Published:2012-07-25

摘要: 近年来, 耕地多功能管理引起了国内外的广泛关注。针对耕地需求无序竞争、耕地边际化与耕地生态系统退化三大现实问题, 建立了以土地单功能利用为症结的综合分析框架, 认为中国耕地保护须向耕地多功能管理转型。然而, 目前尚缺乏耕地多功能的内涵解释框架。本文通过梳理耕地多功能的相关研究, 从实证与规范、供给与需求及其相互关系角度, 建立了耕地多功能内涵的综合解释框架。最后, 本文提出耕地保护转型可同时注重构建以主体功能差异化为前提的耕地多功能空间融合模式、拓展耕地价值的提升途径并建立耕地多功能统筹利用保障机制。

关键词: 保护, 多功能, 耕地, 解释, 内涵, 启示, 土地利用

Abstract: Recently, multifunctional cultivated land (MCL) management has been a hot topic in the world. To get a deep understanding of the challenges such as the disorderly competition of cultivated land demand, marginalization of cultivated land and degradation of cultivated ecosystem, a comprehensive analytical framework was established based on the crux of mono-functional land use. From this point of view, it is vital to promote the transition of cultivated land protection towards the MCL management. However, there is no explanation framework of the connotation of the MCL. From the standpoints of positive and normative meanings, supply and demand meanings and the relationships among them, this paper established a comprehensive explanation framework through literature review. Finally, suggestions on promoting the transition such as establishing the spatial integration mode of the MCL based on main function differentiations, expanding the channels of cultivated land value enhancement and establishing the safeguard mechanism of integrated use of the MCL were proposed.

Key words: connotation, cultivated land, explanation, implication, land use, multifunction, protection