地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (6): 693-700.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.06.004

• 时空间行为研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京不同收入家庭的居住隔离状态研究

李倩1,2,3, 张文忠1,2, 余建辉1,2, 曹靖1,2,3, 党云晓1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    3. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2012-01-01 修回日期:2012-04-01 出版日期:2012-06-25 发布日期:2012-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 张文忠(1966-),男,内蒙古呼和浩特市人,博士,研究员。主要研究方向为城市和区域发展等。E-mail: zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:李倩(1986-),女,湖北仙桃人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市和区域发展等。E-mail: liqian8623@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40971077)。

Research on the Residential Segregation in Beijing

LI Qian1,2,3, ZHANGWenzhong1,2, YU Jianhui1,2, CAO Jing1,2,3, DANG Yunxiao1,2,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;

    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;

    3. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-01-01 Revised:2012-04-01 Online:2012-06-25 Published:2012-06-25

摘要: 利用北京2009 年大规模居民调查问卷数据,以各街区居民为研究对象,根据收入状况将调查人群划分成贫困家庭、工薪家庭和富裕家庭。采用隔离指数分析方法,研究北京47 个街区3 类家庭的居住隔离空间分布状况,运用聚类分析法对隔离度值分类,提取出14 个居住隔离显著的区域进行重点分析。结果表明,三环以内无居住隔离显著区域,居住隔离现象从四环以外开始显著;富裕人群聚集区内居民学历和工作职位都相对较高,大多拥有自购商品房,而贫困人群聚集区内居民学历和工作职位都较低,一般居住在经济适用房和破旧民宅中;贫困、富裕人群聚集区域对于城市基础设施和公共服务设施的数量、质量等方面的占用比例差异很大。

关键词: 北京, 富裕人群, 隔离指数, 贫困人群

Abstract: With the acceleration of urbanization, the urban residential segregation become more and more remarkable. Living segregation is not a simple social stratification phenomenon, it also leads to social conflicts, and thus controlling the residential segregation becomes an urgent task. Under this circumstance, this paper aims to describe the living segregation in Beijing and analyze the reason for this phenomenon. Based on a wide-scope resident investigation of Beijing in 2009, taking the residents on each block as the research objects, local families are divided into three groups according to their income levels: Poor Families, Working Families and Wealthy Families. After using isolation index analysis method to calculate the living segregation of these families, and extracting the serious residential segregation area by cluster analysis, results show that there is no serious residential segregation in the areas inside the 3rd Ring Road, while the segregation phenomenon become obvious outside the 4th Ring Road. Then through dividing the segregation areas into six rich-gathering areas and eight poor-gathering areas by the proportion of each kind of families, results show that the rich-gathering areas get more better infrastructure and public service facilities where most of the people get higher education, better jobs and own houses themselves, while the people in poor areas get lower education, low-ranking jobs and mainly rent houses except those having old houses.
There have been relatively few studies on living segregation in China, and the present research is mainly about the living status and the cause of the isolation. In addition, the research of the social influence caused by the living segregation and its solution are not mature, which will be an urgent topic in the future.

Key words: Beijing, isolation index, poor-gathering areas, rich-gathering areas