地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 639-645.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.05.013

• 生态环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于淀粉粒分析的江西广丰社山头遗址植物资源利用

万智巍1,2, 杨晓燕1, 葛全胜1, 樊昌生3, 周广明3, 马志坤1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100049;
    3. 江西省文物考古研究所, 南昌330008
  • 收稿日期:2011-10-01 修回日期:2011-12-01 出版日期:2012-05-25 发布日期:2012-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 葛全胜(1963-),男,安徽安庆人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事全球变化研究。E-mail:geqs@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:geqs@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:万智巍(1984-),男,江西南昌人,博士生,主要从事全球变化与环境考古研究。E-mail:wanzw.09b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    全球变化研究国家重大科学研究计划项目(2010CB950101);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA05080100, XDA05130402);国家自然科学基金项目(41072140)。

Plant Resource Utilization at Sheshantou Site in Jiangxi Province Based on Starch Grain Analysis

WAN Zhiwei1,2, YANG Xiaoyan1, GE Quansheng1, FAN Changsheng3, ZHOU Guangming3, MA Zhikun1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Cultural Relics and Archaeology Institute of Jiangxi Province, Nanchang 330008, China
  • Received:2011-10-01 Revised:2011-12-01 Online:2012-05-25 Published:2012-05-25

摘要: 江西社山头遗址是赣东北地区新石器时代的典型遗址, 尚未开展相关环境考古和植物考古等方面的研究。对该遗址出土陶器内壁残留物的淀粉粒分析表明, 内壁残留物中包含了不同种类植物的淀粉粒, 主要来自稻类和粟类作物, 还有部分块根块茎类植物以及部分暂时不能鉴定的淀粉粒。可鉴定淀粉粒中包括稻类7 粒、粟类9粒、块根块茎类2 粒。从恢复的植物种类上来看, 社山头遗址区域在4500 ~ 3500 a BP这段时间的植物利用包括了稻类、粟类和部分块根块茎类植物。本研究结果可以为中国南方地区的植物考古和环境考古研究提供直接证据和补充, 说明了该遗址古人类除水稻外其他植物资源的利用情况。同时本研究结果也可为南方地区古人类食谱和植物资源利用结构研究提供方法上的新思路。

关键词: 淀粉粒分析, 江西, 社山头遗址, 陶器残留物, 植物资源利用

Abstract: Sheshantou is an important Neolithic archaeological site in Jiangxi province, but hardly any environmental archaeology and paleoethnobotany research had been done about it. Starch grain analysis, as a new micro-remain method, has been chosen in this research. And some potteries-two pottery bowls and a pottery jar,excavated from the She shantou site were examined in this study. The results show that the food residues attachedto the inner wall of the pottery include lots of starch grains from different plants such as Oryza spp., Setariaspp., an amount of root and tuber, and a few starch grains cannot be identified at this time which maybe caused by the appearance of a number of transient starch grains produced within the process of photosynthesis.Starch grains from Oryza spp. 7 grains represent 21% of the total, Starch grains from Setaria spp. 9 grains represent 26%, and only 2 grains from roots and tubers. The results probably indicate that, 4500~3500 a BP, the ancient people lived in the region of Sheshantou had made use of rice and millet, and also taken some root and tuberas their food resource. This research supplied some evidences for the study on paleoethnobotany and environmental archaeology in Southern China, and shed some new light on the research of ancient people diet. Andthese results also demonstrate that ancient starch grains can be reserved in archaeological sites of Southern China,which will be a useful complement to other research methods in the near future.

Key words: ancient plant utilization, Jiangxi, pottery residue, Sheshantou site, starch grain analysis