地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 476-483.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.04.011

• 农业与乡村地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于GIS的山区人口压力测算模型——以四川省凉山州为例

刘斌涛, 陶和平, 刘邵权, 孔博   

  1. 中国科学院·水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所,成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2011-03-01 修回日期:2011-08-01 出版日期:2012-04-25 发布日期:2012-04-25
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-333,KZCXZ-EW-317);国家自然科学基金项目(41071350).

Population Pressure Assessment Model of Mountainous Areas: A Case Study of Liangshan Yizu Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province

LIU Bintao, TAO Heping, LIU Shaoquan, KONG Bo   

  1. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2011-03-01 Revised:2011-08-01 Online:2012-04-25 Published:2012-04-25

摘要: 从人口压力构成要素和山区实际情况出发,构建了山区人口压力测算模型.该模型包括城镇人口压力指数、农村人口压力指数和人口自然增长率3 个构成要素,综合反映了山区人口数量压力特征.应用该模型对四川省凉山州的人口压力指数进行了测算,结果表明:①凉山州人口压力指数的平均值为4.95,属“一般”水平.人口压力“小”、“较小”、“一般”、“大”、“极大”的县市分别占的23.53%、11.76%、29.41%、29.41%和5.88%;②人口压力指数具有明显的空间集聚性,并受到地形条件的制约,凉山州东部、东北部的大、小凉山地区人口压力大,安宁河谷、凉山州南部低山、中山区和盐源盆地人口压力小;③人口压力指数与贫困发生率、生态脆弱度之间具有较高的相关性,说明人口压力大和生态环境脆弱性高是导致山区贫困的一个因素,应加强贫困山区社会经济与生态环境的协调性研究.

关键词: 凉山州, 人口承载力, 人口压力, 山区

Abstract: Population pressure is an important factor in the development of mountainous areas. In order to assess the population pressure of mountainous areas, a new population pressure assessment model was proposed in this paper. It consisted of three components, i.e., urban population pressure index, agricultural population pressure index and natural population growth rate. Taking Liangshan Yizu Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province of China as the study area, the urban population pressure index, agricultural population pressure index and population pressure index were computed by the model. We had three main conclusions. 1) The mean value of population pressure index of the study area is 4.95, which is at a“normal”level of population pressure. The“small” level,“smaller”level,“normal”level,“large”level and“very large”level respectively account for 23.53%, 11.76%, 29.41%, 29.41% and 5.88% of the total study area, respectively. 2) Topography is an important factor of population pressure of the study area, with the population pressure being higher in the eastern and northeastern parts, and the population pressure lower in the valley of Anning River, the south of the study area and the Yanyuan basin. 3) The population pressure index is related with the incidence of poverty and the ecological frangibility, so the result also proves that the high population pressure and ecological frangibility are important factors leading to the poverty in the mountainous areas.

Key words: Liangshan, mountainous areas, population capacity, population pressure