地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 461-467.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.04.009

• 农业与乡村地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

城镇化进程中农民进城落户意愿影响因素——以河南省郸城县为例

朱琳1,2, 刘彦随1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2011-07-01 修回日期:2011-09-01 出版日期:2012-04-25 发布日期:2012-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘彦随(1965-),男,陕西绥德人,研究员、博士生导师.主要从事土地利用和区域农业与农村发展研究.出版著作10 部,发表学术论文200 余篇.E-mail: liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41130748;41101162);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-EW-304).

Influencing Factors behind Peasants'Desire for Urban Household Registration during Urbanization: A Case Study of Dancheng County

ZHU Lin1,2, LIU Yansui1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2011-07-01 Revised:2011-09-01 Online:2012-04-25 Published:2012-04-25

摘要: 基于“推—拉”理论、新经济学劳动力流动理论,剖析了农民进城落户意愿的城乡作用力、农民进城落户的内部影响因素,并结合郸城县169 份农户有效问卷和村干部调查数据,采用Logistic 回归模型进行了实证检验.结果表明:①农民进城落户意愿可用“推力—拉力”范式解释,包括生活便捷程度、子女的受教育环境、养老医疗等社会福利保障水平、家庭收入和非农就业、消费和生活成本,其中,便捷的生活环境和良好的子女受教育环境是最大的城镇拉力,没有稳定的非农工作是最大的城镇推力.②农民进城落户决策的影响因素涉及个人因素、家庭因素和村庄因素三个层面.年龄、文化程度、家庭生活水平、亲朋好友是否进城落户、村庄医疗卫生条件是影响郸城县农民进城落户决策的主要因素,其中文化程度、亲朋好友是否迁户的影响效应为正,年龄、家庭生活水平及村医疗卫生条件的影响效应为负.

关键词: “推—拉”理论, Logistic回归模型, 进城落户, 意愿调查

Abstract: Based on the "PUSH-PULL" theory and the labor migration theory of new economics, this article, first of all, analyzes all kinds of driving forces on peasants'desire and influencing factors for urban household registration. Then, by using the Logistic regression model, the article examines these theories with 169 valid questionnaires, which were collected from the households and village leaders in Dancheng County in December, 2010. Some results can be drawn as follows. (1) The main "PUSH-PULL" factors include the convenience degree of living environment, education environment, pension, medical and social security level, family income, off-farm employment and the cost of living in cities. The convenience degree of living environment and the education environment are the strongest "PULL" forces of urbanization. Furthermore, the strongest "PUSH" forces are temporary jobs in cities. (2) The influencing factors of peasants'desire for urban registration household have close relation to personal characteristics, family characteristics and village characteristics. The results suggest that the main factors are "age", "educational level", "household living standard", "whether a friend or a family member has migrated to the city", and "the medical services level of the village". The first two factors play a positive role and the last factor plays a negative role.

Key words: "PUSH-PULL" theory, household survey, labor migration theory of new economics, logistic regression model, urban household registration