地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 451-460.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.04.008

• 碳排放研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游业碳排放研究进展

唐承财1,2, 钟林生1, 成升魁1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2011-08-01 修回日期:2012-01-01 出版日期:2012-04-25 发布日期:2012-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 钟林生(1971-),男,江西省于都县人,副研究员,博士,研究方向为生态旅游与旅游环境.E-mail: zhlsheng@263.net.
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划项目(2009BAH50B01-03);国家社会科学基金重大招标项目(10zd&051);国家自然科学基金项目(41061056,41171435).

Research Progress on Carbon Emissions in Tourism Industry

TANG Chengcai1,2, ZHONG Linsheng1, CHENG Shengkui1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101 China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 China
  • Received:2011-08-01 Revised:2012-01-01 Online:2012-04-25 Published:2012-04-25

摘要: 全球气候变化与资源环境问题对人类可持续发展带来了巨大冲击,节能减排已成为全球社会经济和环境可持续发展的必然要求.科学分析旅游业碳排放有助于推动旅游地的旅游业及其关联产业的节能减排与可持续发展.本文概述旅游业碳排放的研究历程,分析和评述了旅游业碳排放的研究方法,然后从区域旅游和旅游业各部门的碳排放测度、旅游碳足迹、旅游业碳排放的影响、应对旅游业碳排放影响的对策等5 个方面,综述旅游业碳排放主要的研究内容.最后对中国旅游业碳排放研究提出了建议.

关键词: 节能减排, 旅游业, 碳排放, 研究进展

Abstract: Global climate change and the issues of natural resource and environment have a great impact on the sustainable development of human beings, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and conserving energy has become imperative duties for safeguarding the global socio-economic and environmental sustainability. Scientific analysis on carbon emissions in tourism for tourism destination could contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and conserving energy and the sustainable development of tourism and its related industries. Research progress on carbon emissions in tourism was reviewed in detail based on the databases of Elsevier Science Direct and CNKI. Firstly, the research course of carbon emissions in tourism was summarized and the course of this research were divided into two phases, i.e., the phase of initial exploration and the stage of rapid development. The research methods were analyzed comprehensively which include Top-down Approach and Bottom-up Approach, Life cycle assessment method, field investigation, Questionnaire method, Scenario analysis. Secondly, the major research contexts were reviewed from five aspects, which included measuring carbon emissions for regional tourism and tourism sectors, carbon footprint for tourism, the impacts of carbon emissions on tourism, and the measures for coping with carbon emissions in tourism. Finally, the research perspectives on carbon emissions in tourism in China were put forward in building the theory research, improving the research methods, and deepening the research content.

Key words: carbon emissions, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and conserving energy, research progress, tourism industry