地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (3): 368-374.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.03.013

• 自然灾害风险评估 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于GIS的中国地震灾害人口风险性分析

刘欢1, 徐中春2, 吴绍洪1, 刘荣高1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国矿业大学(北京)地球科学与测绘工程学院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2011-10-01 修回日期:2012-02-01 出版日期:2012-03-25 发布日期:2012-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘荣高(1970-),男,研究员,主要从事定量遥感及GIS技术的研究。E-mail: liurg@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划项目(2008BAK50B06,2008BAK49B01)。

GIS-based Analysis of Earthquake Disaster Population Risk in China

LIU Huan1, XU Zhongchun2, WU Shaohong1, LIU Ronggao1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. China University of Mining & Technology, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2011-10-01 Revised:2012-02-01 Online:2012-03-25 Published:2012-03-25

摘要: 中国地震灾害发生频繁,因此进行有关地震灾害风险性分析十分必要。本文在分析地震灾害形成的各主要因子的基础上,结合1900-2009 年地震灾害数据,建立了地震灾害风险评估模型,定量确定了各风险性影响因子。最后利用ArcMap 软件的栅格计算功能,对于地震灾害中最重要的人口因素进行了分析,形成了中国地震灾害人口风险性分布图,并划分出了人口高风险区。

关键词: 地理信息系统, 地震灾害, 人口风险性, 人口危险性, 中国

Abstract: Since the earthquake disaster frequently occurred in China, it is necessary to do some research on the risk analysis of earthquake. The paper first analyzed major factors of earthquake disaster, then established earthquake disaster risk assessment model based on the data of earthquake disasters between 1900 and 2009, and determined the value of three factors quantitatively. Finally, through using the spatial analyst function of ArcMap system, this paper analyzed the risk of population in earthquake disaster and created the population risk distribution map with a division of population high risk areas.

Key words: China, earthquake disaster, geographic information system, population hazard, population risk