地理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (2): 255-263.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.02.015

• 理论与方法研究 • 上一篇    

世界城市网络研究方法论

马学广, 李贵才   

  1. 北京大学深圳研究生院城市规划与设计学院, 深圳 518055
  • 收稿日期:2011-03-01 修回日期:2011-07-01 出版日期:2012-02-25 发布日期:2012-02-25
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(41001091);国家自然科学基金重点项目(40830747)。

Research Methods for World City Network and Relevant Inspirations

MAXueguang, LI Guicai   

  1. School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School of Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, China
  • Received:2011-03-01 Revised:2011-07-01 Online:2012-02-25 Published:2012-02-25

摘要: 20 世纪70 年代以来,随着全球贸易自由化的进程、多国公司逐渐确立了其经济全球化主要组织载体的地位以及国家决策权向城市的分散,国家作为独立的经济单元的重要性下降,国际竞争日渐被具体化为以城市为核心的区域间的竞争;城市作为经济单元的重要性迅速上升,成为全球治理体系中的重要行动者。作为全球经济的组织节点,世界城市按其在全球生产过程中的作用与地位的不同而构成具有一定经济控制能力和社会经济联系的网络体系。世界城市网络研究立足于世界/全球城市和世界城市体系中的城市间关系研究,经由基础设施、企业组织和社会文化等多个研究途径,以定量化的分析方式揭示了世界城市间的关系并探讨了世界城市网络形成的多重动力机制,是学术界对当代交通和通讯技术变革、企业组织变革及全球治理方式变革等对世界城市发展所施加影响的积极回应。最后,本文从城际关系秩序、空间组织逻辑、关系型数据的生产和获取、空间尺度和城市经济类型对城市网络的影响等5个方面探讨了世界城市网络研究对中国相关领域研究的借鉴和启示。

关键词: 启示, 世界城市网络, 研究方法

Abstract: The importance of national states as an economic unit is descending following the process of economy globalization, and multinational company turns out to be the main organization carrier and the decision-making power decentralized to city since the 1970s. International completion among states materialized to city-centered regional completion, and city became the crucial actor in global governance system. As the organization node, world city constructed an economic control and social-economic connection network system according to different function and status in global production process. The paper deemed that under the guide of social network theory, based on the drawbacks of world city/global city and inter-city research of world city system, world city network research started with relational perspective, and discovered the inter-city relationship and the dynamic of world city network formation with quantitative analysis by infrastructure approach, corporation approach and social culture approach. The paper deemed world city network research as the response of academic studies to the effects of world city on transformation of information and communication technology, corporation organizations and global governance patterns. In conclusion, the paper discussed some reference and inspirations to related research fields in China on orders of inter-city relation, spatial organization logic, production and collection of relational data, spatial scales and types of urban economy.

Key words: relevant inspirations, research methods, world city network