地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (12): 1548-1554.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.12.012

• 人文—经济地理学科近年发展报告专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国重大科技计划中人文—经济地理学研究进展

樊杰1,2, 刘卫东1,2, 金凤君1,2, 刘彦随1,2, 张文忠1,2, 刘慧1,2, 王成金1,2, 王岱1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2011-03-01 修回日期:2011-06-01 出版日期:2011-12-25 发布日期:2011-12-25
  • 作者简介:樊杰(1961- ),男,博士,研究员,博士生导师.现任中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室主任,长期从事经济地理和区域可持续发展研究.E-mail:fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40830741,41130748).

The Research Progress of Human-Economic Geography in Major Plans of Science and Technology

FAN Jie1,2, LIU Weidong1,2, JIN Fengjun1,2, LIU Yansui1,2, ZHANG Wenzhong1,2, LIU Hui1,2, WANG Chengjin1,2, WANG Dai1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2011-03-01 Revised:2011-06-01 Online:2011-12-25 Published:2011-12-25

摘要: 为跟踪世界科技的最新进展,解决中国快速发展过程中所面临的关键性和突出性重大问题,中国政府开展了一系列重大科技专项计划,如科技支撑计划等.气候变化、地表过程、土地利用、自然灾害是近年来人文—经济地理学者参与最广、研究最深的领域,在地表过程的人文驱动机制、资源环境承载能力评价等方面取得了重大进展和突破,为政府编制规划、开展环境外交等提供了科学依据.本文分析了上述研究计划的基本概貌,以及人文—经济地理学者在其中承担的主要任务.从个人终端消费导向的碳足迹研究、人文地理过程的系统动力学研究、土地利用重点问题咨询与决策、灾区资源环境承载能力评价等方面总结了人文—经济地理学在其中做出的主要贡献和社会影响.

关键词: 地表过程, 气候变化, 研究进展, 中国, 重大科技计划, 自然灾害

Abstract: The Chinese government launched a series of science and technology research programs to keep pace with the latest progress in world sciences research and solve the key problems emerging in China’s rapid development. Climate change, land surface processes, land use and natural disasters are the academic domains which human-economic geographers mostly devoted themselves to further research. Some important progress in the human- driven mechanism of land surface process and resource environment carrying capacity evaluation has offered a scientific basis for the government’s planning and environmental diplomacy. This paper reviews the major tasks undertaken by human-economic geographers and summarizes the major contributions and social impact of human-economic geography, such as the final consumption oriented research on carbon footprint, system dynamics of human geographical processes, key issues in land use decision making, and resource environment carrying capacity evaluation for disaster-hit areas.

Key words: China, climate change, land surface process, major plans of science and technology, natural disaster, research progress