地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (12): 1506-1512.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.12.006

• 人文—经济地理学科近年发展报告专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国旅游地理学研究进展与展望

保继刚, 尹寿兵, 梁增贤, 陈钢华, 李鹏   

  1. 中山大学旅游发展与规划研究中心, 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2011-03-01 修回日期:2011-06-01 出版日期:2011-12-25 发布日期:2011-12-25
  • 作者简介:保继刚(1964- ),男,云南个旧人,汉族,教授,博士,博士生导师,中国地理学会副理事长,旅游地理专业委员会主任,主要从事旅游地理和旅游规划研究.E-mail:eesbjg@mail.sysu.edu.cn

Development Report on Tourism Geography in China (2005-2011)

BAO Jigang, YIN Shoubing, LIANG Zengxian, CHEN Ganghua, LI Peng   

  1. Center for Tourism Planning & Research, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2011-03-01 Revised:2011-06-01 Online:2011-12-25 Published:2011-12-25

摘要: 旅游地理学是处于自然地理学、经济地理学和人文地理学之间的综合性分支地理学科.中国旅游地理学在20 世纪80 年代的地理学大发展中应运而生,经过30 年的发展壮大,旅游地理学逐渐成为中国地理学中发展最快,成果最丰,思想活跃的分支学科之一.近年来,旅游地理学一方面从研究规范的讨论到问题意识的强调,学科的自觉性不断增强,在社区旅游、事件旅游、遗产旅游、城市旅游和旅游流与空间结构等研究领域形成了一系列卓有特色的研究成果,学科涉及领域趋于多元化,研究方法不断创新,学科队伍不断壮大,学科平台不断扩大,国际交流日益频繁,中国旅游地理学研究逐渐与国际接轨.另一方面,旅游地理学者广泛参与到省域及重点区域的旅游产业发展规划实践和世界遗产保护中,并致力于中国旅游标准化和旅游产业国际化的实践.旅游地理学为区域经济发展做出了突出的贡献.展望未来,中国旅游地理学一方面将继续发挥理论结合实际的学科传统优势,不断壮大旅游地理学的学科力量;另一方面需不断加强学科理论体系的构建,进一步提升旅游地理学研究的理论深度和国际化水平.

关键词: 发展报告, 旅游地理学, 学术规范, 学术问题, 中国

Abstract: Abstract:Tourism Geography is a comprehensive sub-discipline that involves physical geography, economic geography and human geography. Most of the vibrantly participating tourism geographers in China have the academic backgrounds and training history of physical geography and economic geography. Tourism geography in China was born in the 1980s when both the discipline of geography as a whole and the tourism industry have witnessed huge developments and prosperity since then. After 30 years of development, tourism geography has nowadays become one of the fastest-growing, most vibrant and productive sub-disciplines in China’s geographical studies. On the one hand, in the pursuit of knowledge innovation and diffusion, 1) academic standards have been discussed substantially, issues related to research question have been emphasized, and the self-awareness of disciplinary development has been intensified, hence a number of achievements with Chinese characteristics have been made in the areas of community-based tourism (community participation and empowerment in tourism development, power structure in tourism community), event & event tourism (mega-events such as Olympic Games, World Expo, Asian Games and the Canton Fair; festivals such as Qingdao International Beer Festival and Wutaishan Buddhist Festival), heritage tourism (heritage management & governance, heritage tourism), urban tourism (tourism commercialization in historic towns, recreational business district, urban tourism growth mechanism and tourism-induced urbanization), tourist flow and time-space structure, and related methodological innovations; 2) with the rapid establishment of many tourism faculties and/or schools in universities, tourism geography has been given a broader platform on which greater progress can be made, for instance, there had been 852 tourism programs or departments offered in China's universities by the end of 2009, and tourism geography is one of the core courses in universities; 3) as the international communication and cooperation deepens, tourism geography in China is getting more and more internationally-oriented, for example, scholars and students in and from China have published more academic papers in leading tourism-related English journals than before, more and more students from China have completed their Ph.D in universities in the USA, UK, Canada, and Japan, and most of them are scholars and students with geographical background and training history. On the other hand, in the pursuit of knowledge application/social services, tourism geography has made great contributions to regional development, by 1) participating in regional tourism plans of provincial regions such as Hunan Province and key areas such as Suzhou, Zhangjiajie, Huangshan and Guilin; 2) preserving world heritage sites such as Danxiashan in Guangdong, Zhangjiajie in Hunan, Huangshan in Anhui, and Jiuzhaigou in Sichuan; 3) promoting the standardization and internationalization of the tourism industry, such as drafting the Standard for National Exemplary Ecotourism Area. In the future, tourism geography in China is supposed to continue not only to take advantage of integrating theories with practices to strengthen and sustain the discipline, but also to stress the importance of theoretical constructions and developments for the purpose of disciplinary survival by increasing the‘theory depth’and promoting international dialogues and cooperation between China and the world.

Key words: academic standards, China, development report, research questions, tourism geography