地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (12): 1498-1505.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.12.005

• 人文—经济地理学科近年发展报告专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国农业与乡村地理研究进展与展望

刘彦随1,2, 龙花楼1,2, 张小林3, 乔家君4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京 100101;
    3. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 南京 210046;
    4. 河南大学环境与规划学院, 开封 475004
  • 收稿日期:2011-10-01 修回日期:2011-11-01 出版日期:2011-12-25 发布日期:2011-12-25
  • 作者简介:刘彦随(1965- ),男,陕西绥德人,研究员,博士生导师,中国地理学会农业地理与乡村发展专业委员会主任.主要从事土地利用和农业与农村发展研究,发表论文200 余篇,出版著作10 部.E-mail:liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41130748,41171149);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-EW-304).

Research Progress and Prospect in the Disciplines of Agricultural Geography and Rural Development in China

LIU Yansui1,2, LONG Hualou1,2, ZHANG Xiaolin3, QIAO Jiajun4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China;
    4. College of Environment & Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China
  • Received:2011-10-01 Revised:2011-11-01 Online:2011-12-25 Published:2011-12-25

摘要: 本文回顾了中国农业地理与乡村发展学科的简要发展历程,分析了本学科近年来的研究进展、取得的重要成果及其在区域农业与农村发展决策实践中的应用.通过比较国内外相关领域的研究进展,进一步讨论了适应新时期国家战略需求的中国农业地理与乡村发展创新研究的主要任务和科学命题.中国农业地理与乡村发展学科的最新研究进展归纳为研究成果、新方法与新技术应用、基础研究平台建设与人才培养等方面.其中新近研究成果主要包括:① 农业与乡村地理学综合研究;② 农村空心化与空心村整治;③ 新农村建设综合研究;④ 区域农业与乡村发展研究;⑤ 研究成果的系统化与国际化.

关键词: 农业地理, 乡村地理, 乡村发展, 学科发展, 中国

Abstract: This paper firstly reviews the brief development course of the disciplines of agricultural geography and rural development in China, then introduces the recent major achievements and their applications in economic development, finally demostrates the prospect on the new innovative research tasks and scientific proposals in the fields of agricultural geography and rural development to meet the needs of national strategies, based on comparison with related research progress abroad. Recent research progress includes research achievements, the applications of new technologies and methodologies, the establishment of basic research platforms, and talents fostering programmes. The summary of recent research achievements concerns five topics: (1) integrated research on agricultural and rural geography; (2) rural hollowing and the renovation of hollowed villages; (3) integrated research on building a new countryside; (4) regional agriculture and rural development; and (5) the systematization and internationalization of research achievements. With the implementation of the strategy on “building a new countryside,”relative research concerning new countryside construction and the renovation of hollowed villages has attracted the interest of a wide variety of researchers in China. Recent research results indicated that the evolutive process of rural hollowing can be identified into five stages, i.e., emergence, growth, flourishing, stability, and decline. Based on regional economic development level and its physiographic features, the types of rural hollowing can be categorized as urban fringe, plain agricultural region, hilly agricultural region, and agro-pastoral region. Especially, the plain agricultural region is the most typical one in rural hollowing, which shows the spatial evolution of rural hollowing as a“poached egg”pattern with a layered hollow core and solid shape. Furthermore, the driving forces behind rural hollowing are identified as the pull of cities and the push of rural areas. Currently, regional discrepancies, rural poverty, rural land-use issues and the present international environment are four major potential factors influencing the building of a new countryside in China. Accordingly, some researches have been carried out such as the implication of rural land-use change for building a new countryside, rural development types and their regional differentiation caused by industrialization and urbanization. In the future, there will be an obvious trend of regionalized and base-oriented agricultural production, and also an increasing trend of urbanization and industrialization in the rural development of China. Therefore, there is an urgent need for innovative researches on agricultural geography and rural development to provide strong support to the realization of the coordinated and balanced rural-urban development, and the balance between agricultural economy and social issues, and to appropriately deal with the conflict between rural development and environmental protection. Accordingly, the future of agricultural geography and rural development research may focus on the following themes: (1) the mechanism and the integrated renovation model of hollowing village; (2) differentiation and restructuring of rural territorial types; (3) multi-functionality of rural system during the transition period; (4) the new pattern of regional agricultural types; (5) the effect and value of rural elements transformation; (6) rural-urban relationship and spatio-territorial restructuring; (7) driving mechanism and competitiveness of rural development; (8) territorial model and institution innovation of building a new countryside; and (9) the long-term strategy and guaranteeing system of building a new countryside in China.

Key words: agricultural geography, China, discipline development, rural development, rural geography