地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (11): 1440-1448.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.11.015

• 土地利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市建设用地增长研究进展与展望

王婧1,2, 方创琳1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2011-03-01 修回日期:2011-06-01 出版日期:2011-11-25 发布日期:2011-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 方创琳(1966-),男,甘肃庆阳人,博士,研究员,博士生导师,近年来主要从事城市发展与城市规划等研究。Email: fangcl@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:fangcl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:王婧(1983-),女,山东淄博人,博士生,研究方向为区域与城市规划。E-mail: w.j.2000@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40971101)。

Growth of Urban Construction Land: Progress and Prospect

WANG Jing1,2, FANG Chuanglin1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2011-03-01 Revised:2011-06-01 Online:2011-11-25 Published:2011-11-25

摘要: 针对目前城市建设用地快速增长现象、耕地流失及城市建设用地保障不足的用地现实,本文对国内外城市建设用地增长研究的主要进展进行了分析总结,以期为深化中国城市建设用地增长研究、解决现实用地矛盾、正确引导城市建设用地发展、践行健康城市化之路提供参考。当前,国内外学者已在城市建设用地增长的时空过程与特征、影响因素与动力机制、模拟预测方面进行了多尺度、多地域的综合性与典型性研究,探讨了城市建设用地增长对耕地的占用,并提出了一些致力于城市用地增长调控的对策与方法。采用的定量分析方法主要包括数理统计法、RS/GIS 技术、灰色系统分析法、MAS/CA模型等。研究成果对于深入认识和调控城市建设用地增长起到了重要作用。基于中国基本国情及当前面临的土地利用问题,未来的建设用地变化研究应逐步向城市与乡村相结合领域转型,研究方法将由一维逐渐向二维、三维甚至多维拓展,并据此为国家制定和完善土地管控政策提供科学依据;此外,未来应强化城市土地集约利用和增长边界控制,以有效控制城市建设用地的低效、过速扩张,实现精明增长。

关键词: 城市建设用地增长, 研究方法, 研究领域, 展望

Abstract: Along with the rapid growth of urban construction land, cultivated land decrease and low level of availability of urban construction land in China, the paper reviewed the domestic and international research progress on the growth of urban construction land in order to provide reference for deepening the research, solving land-use problem, and guiding urban construction land development and healthy urbanization. At present, there are many comprehensive and typical studies at different scales and in various regions on the growth of urban construction land including characteristics, factors and dynamic mechanism of the spatial-temporal process, simulation and forecast, discussion about arable land loss, and the strategies and methods. Quantitative analysis methods include mathematical statistics, RS and GIS, grey system analysis, and MAS and CA model. All of the researches above play an important role in in-depth understanding and control of the growth of urban construction land. In the future, attention should be paid to studies on urban-rural system, and the research methods should be changed from one dimension to two and three dimensions or multidimensions. In addition, intensive urban land use should be encouraged and inefficient and fast expansion of urban construction land uses should be controlled.

Key words: growth of urban construction land, prospect, research fields, research methods