地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (8): 978-985.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.08.004

• 城市研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

河南省城市化水平综合评价及区域格局分析

陈文峰1, 孟德友2, 贺振1   

  1. 1. 商丘师范学院环境与规划系,商丘 476000;
    2. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210046
  • 收稿日期:2010-10-01 修回日期:2011-02-01 出版日期:2011-08-25 发布日期:2011-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 孟德友(1982- )男,河南周口人,博士生,主要从事城市与区域经济,空间结构与区域发展方面的研究。E-mail: mengdeyou01@163.com E-mail:mengdeyou01@163.com
  • 作者简介:陈文峰(1974- ),男,回族,河南商丘人,讲师,硕士,主要从事城市与区域经济研究。E-mail: chenwenfeng168@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    河南省政府决策研究招标课题(B538,B535);河南省教育厅人文社科项目(2010-QN-111)。

Comprehensive Evaluation and Spatial Pattern of Regional Urbanization Level in Henan

CHENWenfeng1, MENG Deyou2, HE Zhen1   

  1. 1. Department of Environment and Urban Planning, Shangqiu Normal University, Shangqiu 476000, China;
    2. College of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Received:2010-10-01 Revised:2011-02-01 Online:2011-08-25 Published:2011-08-25

摘要: 根据城市化的内涵构建城市化水平综合评价指标体系,采用多目标决策TOPSIS 法结合信息熵赋权法,对河南2001-2009 年各地市的城市化水平进行综合评价分析;继而采用ESDA-GIS 方法,对河南城市化综合水平的地域空间格局演化特征进行探讨。研究表明,河南各地市城市化综合水平虽然自2001 年以来均获得了不同程度的提升,但地市间城市化水平的绝对差异和相对差异均呈拉大趋势;城市化热点地区在空间上表现出由集中分布向随机分布的演变态势,但整体上仍呈现出以中原城市群地区为核心的热点区和以外围地市为冷点区的核心—边缘型空间格局,由此认为着力推进边缘化传统农区的城市化进程是实现河南城市化区域协调发展的关键。

关键词: 城市化综合评价, 河南省, 区域格局, 熵权TOPSIS法

Abstract: Based on the urbanization connotation, an indicator system for evaluating urbanization level is put forward to reflect the urbanization levels and distinctions of the districts in Henan Province. By the entropy weighted technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution method (TOPSIS), the synthetic urbanization level is evaluated for the period from 2001 to 2009 in Henan, and then, the evolvement of spatial pattern from 2001 to 2009 of the urbanization level is also probed deeply by the exploratory spatial data analysis method (ESDA). Results show that the synthetic urbanization level has been enhanced continuously since 2001, and the extent of urbanization has been extending continuously too. Although the geographical distribution of urbanization hotspot areas has been evolved from concentration to random, the core-periphery spatial pattern composed of central plain urban agglomeration and borderline regions is greatly remarkable. The evaluation and spatial statistical analysis of integrated urbanization level is beneficial to identifying the timing sequence and spatial characteristics of urbanization process in Henan Province, but also can provide theoretical reference to the urbanization policy making. And at last, it is considered that great efforts should be made to promote the urbanization process in the marginal traditional agricultural areas in Henan, which will play a key role in coordinating regional urbanization development.

Key words: comprehensive evaluation of regional urbanization level, entropy weighted TOPSIS method, Henan Province, spatial pattern