地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (7): 846-852.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.07.009

• 水文与气候变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

山东全新世典型气候事件的区域响应及其对海岱文明发展的影响

陈栋栋1, 彭淑贞1,2, 张伟2, 韩军青1, 丁敏2   

  1. 1. 山西师范大学城市与环境科学学院,临汾041000;
    2. 泰山学院旅游与资源环境学院,泰安271021
  • 收稿日期:2011-01-01 修回日期:2011-03-01 出版日期:2011-07-25 发布日期:2011-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 彭淑贞,E-mail: shuzhenpeng@sohu.com E-mail:shuzhenpeng@sohu.com
  • 作者简介:陈栋栋(1985-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事全球变化方面的研究。E-mail: chendong2004@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    山东省软科学项目(2009RKB440);国家自然科学基金项目(41072260)。

The Response to Holocene Climatic Events of Shandong and Their Impacts on Human Activity

CHEN Dongdong1, PENG Shuzhen1,2, ZHANG Wei2, HAN Junqing1, DING Min2   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environment Sciences of Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041000, Shanxi, China;
    2. Department of Tourism, Resources and Environment, TaishanUniversity, Tai’an 271021, Shandong, China
  • Received:2011-01-01 Revised:2011-03-01 Online:2011-07-25 Published:2011-07-25

摘要: 8.2 ka B.P.、5.5 ka B.P.和4.0 ka B.P.事件为全新世3 次典型的气候突变事件。本文以海岱文化区的主体——山东作为研究区域,综合分析全新世古气候变化、新石器考古文化等方面的资料,研究认为3 次气候事件在研究区具有不同的响应方式,对海岱文明的影响也各不相同。其中,8.2 ka B.P.和5.5 ka B.P.事件均以干冷为特征,分别对研究区后李文化的产生和大汶口文化的发展起到了促进作用;4.0 ka B.P.事件是一次洪水与干冷事件前后接踵的组合事件,它通过不同的影响机制导致了研究区各个区域的史前文明在4.0 ka B.P.事件前后普遍发生衰退。

关键词: 海岱文明, 全新世气候事件, 山东, 影响

Abstract: There were several climatic events in the Holocene, and the 8.2 ka BP, 5.5 ka BP and 4.0 ka BP events were significant ones of them. Based on the synthesis of the published Holocene climatic records and present archaeological materials, we find that these significant Holocene events show different climatic patterns and have different impact on the human activity in Shandong Province. Both the 8.2 ka BP and 5.5 ka BP events in this area have cold and dry climatic features. The former produced Houli Culture and the latter promoted the development of Dawenkou Culture. Flood and the following cold-dry climate featured the 4.0 ka BP event, and led to the collapse of Longshan Culture in Shandong Province.

Key words: Haidai culture, Holocene events, impact, Shandong