地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (7): 795-804.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.07.003

• 生态系统碳增减专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

区域尺度陆地生态系统固碳速率和潜力定量认证方法及其不确定性分析

任伟1,2, 王秋凤1, 刘颖慧3, 何念鹏1, 刘迎春1,2, 付超1,2, 于贵瑞1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,生态系统网络观测与模拟重点实验室, CERN综合研究中心,北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京100049;
    3. 北京师范大学,北京100875
  • 收稿日期:2011-01-01 修回日期:2011-04-01 出版日期:2011-07-25 发布日期:2011-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 于贵瑞, 研究员, 主要研究方向为生态系统碳循环与全球变化。E-mail: yugr@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:yugr@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:任伟(1985-),女,博士研究生,主要研究方向为气候变化与全球碳循环。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA05050602);国家基础研究发展计划项目(2010CB833504);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目群(KZCX2-YW-Q1-05)。

Certified Carbon Inventory Methods of Carbon Sequestration Rate and Potential in Terrestrial Ecosystem at Region Scale and Their Uncertainty Analysis

RENWei1,2, WANG Qiufeng1, LIU Yinghui3, HE Nianpeng1, LIU Yingchun1,2, FU Chao1,2, YU Guirui1   

  1. 1. Synthesis Research Center of CERN, Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2011-01-01 Revised:2011-04-01 Online:2011-07-25 Published:2011-07-25

摘要: 区域尺度陆地生态系统固碳速率和潜力定量认证的方法及其不确定性分析是国家应对气候变化的重要基础工作。目前国内外对于陆地生态系统碳汇以及增汇潜力计量方法已经开展了大量的研究,提出了温室气体排放清单的计量方法,CDM(清洁发展机制)造林再造林项目碳汇的计量方法,以及土地利用变化碳汇计量等方法,国家温室气体清单的方法仅适用于国家范围的碳汇计量,对于区域碳汇计量却十分粗略。CDM造林再造林项目仅局限于森林管理等项目,而未涵盖将来可能列入碳汇目标的其它生态系统增汇管理措施。目前,关于森林、草地、农田等区域尺度生态系统碳汇计量还没有形成统一的、标准化的方法体系。本文对IPCC 国家尺度的碳排放和陆地增汇技术评估方法体系、土地利用对陆地碳源汇影响的评价方法、以及人为管理措施下陆地生态系统增汇效应计量方法进行了详细的阐述,并对每种计量方法的不确定性进行分析,期望为中国陆地生态系统固碳速率、增汇潜力的计量、报告、认证和核查方法论和技术体系的建立提供依据。

关键词: 不确定性分析, 陆地生态系统, 区域尺度, 增汇计量方法, 增汇潜力和速率

Abstract: Carbon inventory certified methods of carbon sequestration rate and potential in terrestrial ecosystem at region scale and their uncertainty analysis are the scientific foundational work of taking practices to mitigating the global warming potential. A large number of studies have been carried out on the measuring methods of the terrestrial ecosystem carbon sink and the carbon sequestrating potential ,and the national greenhouse gas inventory methods, CDM (Clean Development Mechanism projects) afforestation and reforestation project methods, carbon inventory method in land-use and land-cover change and some other methods were proposed. National greenhouse gas inventory was applicable to state-wide measurement of carbon sequestration, and was not suitable for regional carbon inventory. CDM afforestation and reforestation project focused on the carbon sequestration potential of forest management, and did not take the practices of increasing carbon sinks carried on other ecosystems into account. To date carbon sequestration measurement for forest, grassland, farmland and other regional- scale of ecosystems do not have a uniform and standardized methodology yet. In this paper, we first introduced national greenhouse gas inventory methods, CDM afforestation and reforestation project methods, carbon inventory method in land-use and land-cover change and analysis their uncertainty in detail. Then we proposed a carbon inventory method applicable to farmland, grassland, forests and other terrestrial ecosystems, aiming to provide scientific basis for establishing the methodology for measuring, reporting, and verifying the carbon sequestration rate and potential in regional terrestrial ecosystems.

Key words: carbon inventory methods, carbon sequestration rate and potential, regional scale, terrestrial ecosystem, uncertainty analysis