地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (5): 515-521.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.05.001

• 研究综述 •    下一篇

Geopark发展动向、全球网络及若干问题探讨

蔚东英1, 刘昌明1,2, 秦大河3, 王民1   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院, 北京 100875;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    3. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2011-01-01 修回日期:2011-04-01 出版日期:2011-05-25 发布日期:2011-05-25
  • 作者简介:蔚东英(1976-),女,讲师,研究方向为地理教育、环境与遗产解说、公园管理。E-mail: weidy@bnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(104-105114);国土资源部公益性行业科研专项(201011003)。

Development Trend and Global Network of Geoparks and Discussion on Several Relative Questions

WEI Dongying1, LIU Changming1,2, QIN Dahe3, WANG Min1   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2011-01-01 Revised:2011-04-01 Online:2011-05-25 Published:2011-05-25

摘要: 联合国教科文组织(UNESCO)为了保护自然遗产特别是地质遗产,于2001 年通过了支持各成员国建立Geopark 并形成全球网络的建议,这个建议在全球得到积极响应,尤其是欧洲和中国以及国际地理联合会(IGU)。中国是全球建立Geopark 最早的国家之一,目前已有182 个国家Geopark,其中24 个为全球Geopark 网络成员,这些Geopark 的建立对当地社会经济的发展做出了很大贡献。本文首先介绍了UNESCO全球Geopark 网络(GGN)、欧洲Geopark 网络(EGN)、国际地理联合会Geopark 委员会(IGU-CoG) 以及Geopark 在中国的发展现状;接着探讨了Geopark 在欧洲语言中的含义,提出中文翻译的局限,并对用词进行了商榷,认为理解为“地学”公园更加全面;最后阐述了地理学家对Geopark发展的贡献,分析了Geopark研究的发展趋势,并提出地理学家可以发挥其优势的研究领域。

关键词: Geopark, 地理学, 国际地理联合会(IGU), 全球Geopark网络(GGN)

Abstract: In order to protect the geological heritage, the Division of Earth Sciences of UNESCO presented a new concept named UNESCO's"Geoparks Program" to the governing bodies of the organization and the program has been discussed since 1999 and came to its final conclusion in June 2001. The program achieved the full international recognition, and secured their effective political impact, especially from European Union, China and International Geographical Union(IGU) . China is one of the countries which established Geoparks at the earliest stage, and 182 national Geoparks have been established till now, and 24 of them are the members of Global Geopark Network (GGN), and the establishment of the Geoparks made a lot of contribution for the sustainable development of local society and economy. The article introduces the Global Geopark Network (GGN), European Geopark Network(EGN), Commission on Geoparks of International Geographical Union(IGU-CoG) and the status quo of Chinese Geoparks. Connotation of Geopark is explained and the Chinese translation of Geopark is discussed and new translation is suggested by some geographers. Geographers have made a lot of contribution for the development of Geoparks, especially the establishment of Commission on Geoparks of International Geographical Union. The article analyzes the development of Geoparks and the research situation about Geoparks at present and puts forward the research fields that geographers can make more contribution in the future.

Key words: geography, Geopark, Global Geopark Network(GGN), international geographical union