地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 330-334.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.03.011

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水系统综合管理与模拟工具(WIM)的设计与开发

王中根, 姬鹏, 夏军   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室, 北京, 100101
  • 收稿日期:2010-10-01 修回日期:2011-01-01 出版日期:2011-03-25 发布日期:2011-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 姬鹏(1975-),男,博士,主要研究方向为水系统综合模拟与集成。E-mail: jipeng@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:jipeng@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:王中根(1973-),河南潢川人,副研究员,主要从事水循环模拟和水资源管理研究。E-mail: wangzg@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新方向性项目(Kzcx2-yw-126-01);国家自然科学基金项目(40671027)。

Water System Integrated Modeling and Management Tool

WANG Zhonggen, JI Peng, XIA Jun   

  1. Key Laboratory ofWater Resources and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2010-10-01 Revised:2011-01-01 Online:2011-03-25 Published:2011-03-25

摘要: 大规模的人类活动已经将不同流域连接为一个整体系统,针对跨流域复杂水问题的研究,从科研和管理的角度,迫切需要发展集多源数据集成、水循环过程模拟和决策支撑为一体的水系统综合管理与模拟平台。本文面向国家需求,采用面向对象设计方法,基于GIS 平台创建了具有自主知识产权的WIM(Water system Integrated Modeling and Management Tool)系统。WIM是一个基于模块化结构的水系统综合管理与模拟工具,实现了水循环多源数据集成和多过程耦合模拟,具有数据动态加载、模型在线耦合和模块按需定制等功能。WIM提出为复杂水问题的研究,跨流域调水对陆地水循环影响与水安全分析提供了支撑,促进了中国在水循环综合模拟与系统集成等方面的科技发展。

关键词: WIM系统, 水系统, 水循环综合模拟, 水资源管理

Abstract: Referring extensively to domestic and foreign related construction method of the hydrologic cycle model system, with the results of CAS Knowledge Innovation Program key projects, " Trans-basin water transfer and its impact on terrestrial water cycle and water safety", using object-oriented design methods, and based on GIS, VR and other technology, this paper tried to build a prototype system, Water system Integrated Modeling and Management Tool (WIM), integrating data management of water resources, hydrologic cycle coupled models, as well as virtual reality and scenario analysis functions. WIM provides a flexible and scalable integrated mode for data, models and other tools and achieves the dynamic loading of data, on-line coupling of models and modules, to meet the needs of management of water resources and water security analysis under different scale hydrologic cycles.

Key words: integrated modelling, water resources management, water system, WIM