地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 215-223.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.02.011

• 区域地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

京津冀都市圈城镇体系演化时空特征

肖磊1,2, 黄金川1, 孙贵艳1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2010-10-01 修回日期:2011-01-01 出版日期:2011-02-25 发布日期:2011-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 黄金川,huangjc@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:huangjc@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:肖磊(1985-),男,江苏省泰州市,硕士生,研究方向为城市地理学。E-mail: xiaol.08s@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家“十一五”科技支撑计划重大项目课题(2006BAJ14B01);中科院地理科学与资源研究所三期创新领域前沿课题“区域发展空间结构与城乡可持续发展研究”。

Temporal-Spatial Characteristics of Evolution of the Urban System in Jingjinji Metropolitan Region

XIAO Lei1,2, HUANG Jinchuan1, SUN Guiyan1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing, 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2010-10-01 Revised:2011-01-01 Online:2011-02-25 Published:2011-02-25

摘要: 基于1985、1990、2000和2007年的非农业人口,应用位序规模法则、ROXY指数、城市影响力等多种定量方法,系统研究京津冀都市圈城镇体系的规模结构、空间结构的演化。结果表明:京津冀都市圈虽为“双核”结构,但一直处于分散发展趋势,京、津两个巨型城市的非农人口占京津冀都市圈的比重日趋下降;京津轴线为京津冀都市圈最重要的城镇密集区,以其为中心形成显著的城市影响力圈层结构,河北各市影响力相对有限,都市圈西部、北部地区受辐射带动明显不足;城镇体系空间结构趋于合理,在京津双核主导格局下,石家庄、唐山等次中心逐渐发育,秦皇岛—唐山—北京—保定—石家庄沿线及曹妃甸—滨海新区—黄骅港的城镇发展带也逐渐呈现。

关键词: 城镇体系, 规模结构, 京津冀都市圈, 空间结构

Abstract: Based on non-agricultural population data 1985-2007 of Jingjinji Metropolitan Region, this paper applies various quantitative methods, including scale-rank law, ROXY law, and gravitational model, to systematically analyze temporal-spatial characteristics of the evolution of the scale structure and spatial structure in urban system. Results show that although Jingjinji Metropolitan Region has the “dual core” structure, it was decentralized since 1985, the proportion of Beijing and Tianjin reduced gradually. The Beijing and Tianjin axis is the most important urban area around which formed the ring structure of urban influence. The influences of cites in Hebei are much smaller, especially the northern and western area of the region get fewer develop driven force. At last the spatial structure is developing more and more efficient, while the structure was led by the “dual core”, the city of Shijiazhuang and Tangshan have become the sub-region centre, and two belts of Qinhuangdao-Tangshan-Beijing-Baoding-Shijiazhuang and Caofeidian-Binhai-huanghua coastal area gradually appear.

Key words: Jingjinji Metropolitan Region, scale structure, spatial structure, urban system