地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 179-185.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.02.007

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国公众对“限塑令”态度的影响因素——以兰州市为例

常跟应1, 李曼2, 席亚宏3, 刘书朋2   

  1. 1. 兰州大学西部环境教育部重点实验室,兰州 730000;
    2. 兰州大学资源环境学院,兰州 730000;
    3. 兰州五十五中,兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2010-10-01 修回日期:2011-01-01 出版日期:2011-02-25 发布日期:2011-02-25
  • 作者简介:常跟应(1972-),男,甘肃会宁人,博士,副教授,主要从事经济地理学和公众环保行为研究。E-mail: changgy@lzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40601093)。

Factors Affecting the Attitude of the Chinese Public to the Policy of Prohibiting Using Thin and Costless Plastic Bags

CHANG Genying1, LI Man2, XI Yahong3, LIU Shupeng2   

  1. 1. MOE Key Laboratory of Western China’s Environmental System, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. College of Earth and Environmental Science, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    3. The Fifty-fifth Middle School of Lanzhou city, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2010-10-01 Revised:2011-01-01 Online:2011-02-25 Published:2011-02-25

摘要: 基于问卷调查和个人访谈,运用路径方法,分析了影响中国公众对限塑令态度的社会心理和社会人口变量。结果表明,社会人口变量中,只有教育与公众对限塑令的态度呈正相关,且社会人口变量只能解释公众对限塑令态度方差的很小一部分。相较而言,社会心理变量能更好解释中国公众对限塑令态度的差异,集体主义价值观和新生态观与限塑令态度呈显著正相关,而新生态观受集体主义价值观、后物质价值取向、一般环境知识和特定环境知识的影响。公众对限塑令的态度与购物中自带购物袋的意向呈显著正相关。研究认为,基于西方社会实践发展而来的环境态度—行为理论也适合解释中国以环境保护和节约资源为目的的个人环境态度和行为。但中国正处在社会转型期,人们的世界观、环境观等处在不断变化中,对社会和环境的认知不稳定、不协调,使得模型的解释力度受到一定程度的限制。需要进一步揭示中国公众环境态度和行为的特殊性,发展更适合中国国情的环境行为解释模型。

关键词: 集体主义价值观, 兰州, 社会人口变量, 问卷调查, 限塑令, 新生态观, 中国

Abstract: Based on questionnaire survey and interviews, this paper analyzed socio-demographic and psychological mechanisms of the attitude of the Chinese public to the policy of prohibiting using thin and costless plastic bags by using path analysis method. It is found that among four socio-demographic variables (sex, age, family income, and educational level), only educational level was positively and significantly correlated with the attitude, explaining 0.9% of the variances in the attitude. Psychological variables could predict the attitude much better than socio-demographic variables. Collectivism and environmental value were the antecedents of the attitude, explaining 6.3% of the variance. Environmental value was followed by collectivism, postmaterialist value orientation, general environmental knowledge, and plastic bags-specific environmental knowledge. It is found as well that the attitude to the policy of prohibiting using thin and costless plastic bags could predict the intention of buyers to bring shopping bags by themselves. It is argued that environmental attitude-behavior theories derived from western social practices can be used in China. However, it is necessary to understand the peculiarities of environmental attitudes and behaviors in transitional China with the public having changing and unstable world outlooks and environmental values, and to develop China-specific models since western models are based on stable social cognition of environmental problems.

Key words: collectivism, environmental value, Lanzhou, policy of prohibiting using thin and costless plastic bags, questionnaire, socio-demographical variables