地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 164-170.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.02.005

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

地理—生态过程视角的城市系统研究

杨德伟1, 杨职优1,2, 崔胜辉1, 罗涛1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院城市环境与健康重点实验室/厦门市城市代谢重点实验室,中国科学院城市环境研究所,厦门 361021;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2010-04-01 修回日期:2010-07-01 出版日期:2011-02-25 发布日期:2011-02-25
  • 作者简介:杨德伟(1978-),男,理学博士,助理研究员,主要研究方向为城市地理—生态过程。E-mail: yangdewei2008@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41001098);中国科学院院地合作项目(D-2009-02);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-450)。

Urban System Research from the Perspective of Geo-ecological Processes

YANG Dewei1, YANG Zhiyou1,2, CUI Shenghui1, LUO Tao1   

  1. 1. Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health/Key lab of urban metabolism of Xiamen, Institute of Urban Environment, CAS, Xiamen 361021, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2010-04-01 Revised:2010-07-01 Online:2011-02-25 Published:2011-02-25

摘要: 快速城市化、区域一体化与全球环境变化背景下,地理—生态视角的城市系统格局、过程与机制研究已成为国内外关注的焦点和热点。文章从地理—生态过程视角,对城市空间过程与机制、人文过程与机制、城市系统代谢过程与效率以及城市发展位势的竞合机制等进行了综述。指出综合运用宏观与微观相结合的现代科学路径,从功能空间角度解构城市系统,深入分析城市地理空间过程、微观主体行为、空间环境响应、人文生态驱动机制等问题,是城市系统领域研究未来发展的方向。综述有助于了解城市系统研究的重点和方向,把握城市系统发展的格局、过程与机制,从而利于指导中国城市空间管理实践,应对快速城市化与全球变暖等问题。

关键词: 城市系统, 地理&mdash, 格局, 功能空间, 机制, 生态过程

Abstract: Researches on the pattern, process and mechanism of urban system become the focus and hotspots under the background of rapid urbanization, regional integration and global environmental change. The urban system researches from the perspective of geo-ecological processes are reviewed, including urban spatial and human processes, system metabolism and efficiency and competition-cooperation situation. The article indicatestthat the most important future direction focuses on deep analyses of geo-spatial processes, micro-object behaviors, spatial environmental responses, human-driving mechanism by comprehensive macro- and micro-means. The review will contribute to understanding the emphases and direction of future urban researches, and grasping the pattern, processes and mechanism of urban evolution, and thus be beneficial to guiding urban spatial management and responding to rapid urbanization and global warming.

Key words: functional space, geo-ecological processes, mechanism, pattern, urban system