地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 157-163.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.02.004

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

石化产业空间组织研究进展与展望

刘鹤1,2, 刘毅1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2010-10-01 修回日期:2011-01-01 出版日期:2011-02-25 发布日期:2011-02-25
  • 作者简介:刘鹤(1984-),男,博士生,主要研究方向工业地理与区域经济学。E-mail: liuh.08b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40635026)。

Progresses and Perspectives on Spatial Organization of Petrochemical Industry

LIU He1,2, LIU Yi1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2010-10-01 Revised:2011-01-01 Online:2011-02-25 Published:2011-02-25

摘要: 石化产业在国民经济中占有重要地位,关系到国家经济安全、政治安全和国防安全。石化产业空间组织是产业部门地理研究的重要领域之一,有必要考察其研究进展和发展趋向。在厘清石化产业空间组织基本内涵的基础上,本文从区位因子及作用机制、空间组织模式、跨国石油公司和石化产业集群等4个方面,回顾了石化产业空间组织的相关研究及最新进展,并对其进行了总结和评述。研究认为,今后我国石化产业空间组织研究应在以下方面加强:在研究尺度上,应基于全球、国家和地区3个空间尺度,研究石化产业空间组织的演变轨迹和演进机理;在研究视角上,应基于跨国公司和产业集群的视角,研究跨国石油公司和主要石化产业集聚区的空间组织模式及内在机制;在研究内容上,应基于我国石化产业空间组织演变轨迹的梳理和演进阶段的判断,结合我国石化产业发展现状及存在问题,优化我国石化产业的空间组织。

关键词: 空间组织, 石化产业, 研究进展, 研究展望

Abstract: Petrochemical industry occupies an important position in the national economy, and is related to national economic security, political security and national security. Spatial organization of petrochemical industry is one of the most important research fields of industrial sector geography, and it is necessary to review its developing history, appraise its research progress and discuss its future developing trends. After clarifying the basic contents and spatial organization of petrochemical industry, the paper narrated the research history and the latest research progress of petrochemical industry’s spatial organization from different studying field, including: (1)location factor and its mechanism, (2) spatial organization patterns of petrochemical industry, (3) spatial organization of transnational oil companies, and (4) spatial organization of petrochemical industry cluster. Then the paper summarized and evaluated its research progress. The study suggests that the future research of China's petrochemical industry’s spatial organization should be strengthened in the following aspects: Firstly, in terms of research scale, the future research should be based on global, national and regional spatial scales to study the spatial organization of petrochemical industry and its evolution mechanisms. Secondly, in terms of research perspectives, the future research should be based on the perspectives of multinational companies and industrial clusters to study the spatial organization pattern and the internal mechanism of transnational oil companies and major petrochemical industrial clusters. Thirdly, in terms of research contents, the future research should be based on the review of evolution history and judgments of evolution phase, combined with studies on the development and problems of China's petrochemical industry, to optimize the spatial organization of petrochemical industry in China.

Key words: developing trend, petrochemical industry, research progress, spatial organization