地理科学进展 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 17-26.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.01.002

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

干湿气候区划研究进展

毛飞1, 孙涵2, 杨红龙3   

  1. 1. 中国气象科学研究院, 北京 100081;
    2. 国家卫星气象中心遥感应用试验基地, 南宁 530022;
    3. 中国农业科学院, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-01 修回日期:2010-07-01 出版日期:2011-01-25 发布日期:2011-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 孙涵(1955-),男,博士,研究员,主要从事应用气象和遥感应用研究。E-mail: sun_han@163.com E-mail:sun_han@163.com
  • 作者简介:毛飞(1958-),女,博士,研究员,主要从事应用气象和生态环境研究。E-mail:MaoFei77@cams.cma.gov.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技支撑计划课题(2008BAK50B02);公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY200906029);国家标准(GB_20078506_T_416);气象行业标准(QX/T_2007_46)。

Research Progress in Dry/wet Climate Zoning

MAO Fei1, SUN Han2, YANG Honglong3   

  1. 1. Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;
    2. Remote Sensing Application and Experiment Station, National Satellite Meteorological Center, Nanning 530022, China;
    3. The Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2010-01-01 Revised:2010-07-01 Online:2011-01-25 Published:2011-01-25

摘要: 干湿气候区划是气候学、地理学、生态学和农学等学科的重要内容。自1900年以来,国内外学者在干湿气候等级、干湿气候区划指标及其计算方法等方面取得了长足的进展。本文综述了近100多年来国内外学者关于干湿气候区划指标、潜在蒸散量计算方法、干湿气候等级及其命名方法等方面的研究成果,提出了目前该领域存在的科学问题。

关键词: 干湿气候, 干湿气候等级, 区划指标, 中国

Abstract: Dry/wet climate zoning is an important part of climatology, geography, ecology, and agriculture.?Since 1900, great progresses in grading of dry/wet climate and indexes for dry/wet climate zoning and their calculating methods have been achieved by scholars at home and abroad. In this article, the achievements in scientific research in recent more than 100 years were summarized, including indexes for dry/wet climate zoning, calculating methods of reference evapotranspiration, and grading of dry/wet climate zoning and their naming methods. The existing scientific issues for this subject were put forward.

Key words: China, dry/wet climate, grading of dry/wet climate, zoning indexes