地理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (11): 1400-1407.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.11.032

• 自然区划与土地利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国自然地理区划研究的新进展与发展趋势

高江波, 黄姣, 李双成, 蔡运龙   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院, 北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-01 修回日期:2010-07-01 出版日期:2010-11-25 发布日期:2010-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 李双成,教授 E-mail:gib_008@163.com; scli@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:高江波(1984-)|男|博士研究生|主要研究方向为资源环境与区域开发
  • 基金资助:

    科技部创新方法工作项目(2007FY140800-1);国家自然科学基金项目(40771001)

The New Progresses and Development Trends in the Research of Physio-Geographical Regionalization in China

GAO Jiangbo, HUANG Jiao, LI Shuangcheng, CAI Yunlong   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2010-01-01 Revised:2010-07-01 Online:2010-11-25 Published:2010-11-25

摘要:

依据自然地带性和区域分异规律进行自然区划历来是自然地理学的重要研究内容。它不仅是获取地理知识的重要途径,而且可为拟定和实施社会经济发展规划以及保护、改良和合理利用生态与环境提供必要的科学依据。本文在简要回顾国内外自然地理区划研究发展历程的基础上,总结了中国近年来自然地理区划研究工作的特点:区划要素类型多样、自然综合区划“生态化”明显、区划空间单元及其尺度系列完整、区划技术方法鲜有创新、区划方法论有所重视、区划方案应用指向进一步强化。分析了当前自然地理区划研究工作中存在的学术问题:认识论研究欠缺、方法论研究薄弱。最后,对自然地理区划的未来发展进行了展望:持续增加的国家需求、不断规范化的区划工作,并提出了地理区划的几个发展趋势。

关键词: 发展趋势, 新进展, 中国, 自然地理区划

Abstract:

As is well known, there exist similarities and differences among geographical regions, and zonality is a universal theorem governing geographical patterns. Physio-geographical regional system is a hierarchical system, which is formed by division or combination of natural features based on geographic relativity and geographic zonality. Researches on physio-geographical regional system aim at observing and studying natural complex of the earth’s surface, revealing rules of regional differentiations and exploring formation, development, division, combination, relativity and demarcation of natural regions at different scales, from a regional point of view. As a radical method to obtain geographical information, physio-geographical regionalization has always been studied and widely used by geographers. Studies on physio-geographical regionalization in China have made great progress in principle, methodology, and theory since the 1930s. It could provide a scientific basis for social and economic development and planning, and conservation, improvement and rational utilization of natural environment. Based on brief review of physio-geographical regionalization at home and abroad, the paper summarizes the characteristics of researches in recent years: various types of elements; distinct ecologicalization in comprehensive natural regionalization; a complete series of spatial scales; scarce creativity in technology and methods; emphasizing regionalization methodology; enhancing application of regionalization schemes. Then, the paper analyzes academic problems in the present researches: lack of epistemological study; weak methodological study. Finally, the paper explores the prospects of physio-geographical regionalization: continuous increase in requirement at the national level; strengthening the standardization of regionalization, and raises several trends in geographical regionalization.

Key words: China, development trends, new progresses, physio-geographical regionalization