地理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (5): 601-608.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.05.013

• 区域经济与交通 • 上一篇    下一篇

西方经济地理学对国家边界及其效应的研究进展

王 亮1,2,3, 刘卫东1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    3. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-01 修回日期:2010-03-01 出版日期:2010-05-25 发布日期:2010-05-25
  • 作者简介:王亮(1985-),男,吉林长春人,博士研究生,中国地理学会会员,主要从事经济地理与区域发展研究.E-mail:philipwangl@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院"西部大开发‘十二五’规划及到2020年中长期发展思路研究“课题支持(kzcx2-yw-345).

Progress in the Study of Border and Border Effects Issues by Economic Geographers: Western Countries&rsquo|Experience and Its Implications for China

WANG Liang1,2,3, LIU Weidong1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2010-01-01 Revised:2010-03-01 Online:2010-05-25 Published:2010-05-25

摘要:

边界作为特殊的区位,受到地理学者的广泛重视.本文通过回顾西方学者对国家边界及其边界效用的研究进展,阐述其当前主要议题,并提出对未来边界及边界效应研究的启示.西方经济地理学对国家边界的研究集中体现在边界效应上.主要经历了以下3个发展阶段:传统区位论对边界的研究主要关注边界作为两国分割线所起到的屏蔽作用;随着全球贸易的激增,20世纪80年代到90年代中期,学者们用大量的数学模型对边界效应及其屏蔽程度进行了深入探讨;近年来,随着全球化进程的深入和区域经济一体化的进展,引起了学者们对一体化和边界效应转化的深入争论.全球化进程中边界和边界效应研究的3大主要议题也随着研究发展阶段贯穿,集中在对边界效应强度的分析,边界地区的一体化效应以及边界效应的转化等方面.根据国外研究进展及我国沿边开放的背景,未来可在边界地区集聚效应、边界地区管治和边界地区合作模式几个方面进行深入研究.

关键词: 边界效应, 国家边界, 屏蔽, 全球化, 一体化, 中介

Abstract:

As a special location, national border has been paid attention to by scholars extensively in western countries. The study has focused on “Border Effect” ever since the discourse by L?觟sch in economic geography. National border was merely taken as an “impediment line” between two countries in traditional economic geography. In the 1980s to mid-1990s, large quantities of literatures emerged on analyzing the “Impediment Effect” using econometrics. As the progress of globalization and regional economic integration, the “Integration Effect” along the border region and the transformation of border effects have caused in-depth debate among scholars, especially on “borderless”. And these become the major themes in this field. Compared to the progress in border effects study by western geographers, as discoursed in this paper, studies in this field in China are just starting up. Further studies are suggested to focus on the mechanism of industry agglomeration in border regions, the mode of cooperation in cross-border areas, the border zone institutional design and the cross-border governance in the context of “opening of China’s border region”.

Key words: border effects, globalization, impediment, intermediary, national border, regional integration