地理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (5): 535-542.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.05.004

• 资源与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄土高原地区景观格局演变研究综述

王计平1,2, 陈利顶1, 汪亚峰1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心城市与区域生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100085;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-01 修回日期:2010-03-01 出版日期:2010-05-25 发布日期:2010-05-25
  • 作者简介:王计平(1978-),男,山西保德县人,博士研究生,主要从事景观生态评价与规划.E-mail:wjp_gis@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40621061);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(kzcx2-yw-421).

Research on Landscape Pattern Change in Loess Plateau: Current Status, Issues and Trends

WANG Jiping1,2, CHEN Liding1, WANG Yafeng1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences,CAS, Beijing 100085, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2010-01-01 Revised:2010-03-01 Online:2010-05-25 Published:2010-05-25

摘要:

研究黄土高原地区景观格局演变对认识该地区整个生态系统结构和变化,乃至全球变化,具有至关重要的作用.本文在剖析景观格局和土地利用格局概念与内涵的基础上,从定量化分析、时空特征和尺度效应等方面对黄土高原地区景观格局演变研究进展进行了阐述,深入分析了当前研究在景观数据选择与应用、尺度依赖性分析和标准确定等方面的现状特征与不足之处,并对今后在景观格局演变方面的发展趋势进行了展望,以期为未来景观格局与过程研究提供参考.

关键词: 尺度效应, 黄土高原, 景观格局演变, 土地利用/土地覆被变化, 土地利用格局

Abstract:

Landscape pattern change in Loess Plateau area has an important impact on the structure and function of the whole ecosystem, and even on global change. Based on the exploration of the concept and connotation of landscape pattern and land use pattern, the progress in the researches on landscape pattern change in the Loess Plateau aera is reviewed from the aspects of quantitative analysis, spatial and temporal evolution and scale effect. Although great progress has been made over the last decades, there are still many problems to be explored thoroughly, such as landscape data selection and application, scale dependency analysis, establishment of assessment standards and so on. Finally, the future research trends are prospected in order to provide a scientific basis for the research on landscape pattern and process.

Key words: land use pattern, land use/land cove change, landscape pattern change, Loess Plateau, scale effect